Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
Rhodium compounds, inorganic in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Rh]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 0 1
Salinomycin, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 1
salts and esters of dinex incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
salts and esters of dinosam incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
salts and esters of dinoseb, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 2 10
Salts and esters of dinoseb, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 2 4
salts and esters of MCPA incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
salts and esters of MCPB incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 1
salts of 2,4-D incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 3 4
salts of 2,4-DB incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 3
Salts of 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH1]1=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=C1C2=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1])[ClD1])[ClD1])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 3 8
Salts of 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMARTS string '[CH1]1=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=C1C2=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1])O[CH3])O[CH3])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 0 5
Salts of 4-aminobiphenyl incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH1]1=[CH1][CH1]=C([CH1]=[CH1]1)C2=[CH1][CH1]=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 2 7
salts of 4,4'-bi-o-toluidine, salts of 3,3'-dimethylbenzidine, salts of o-tolidine incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3]C1=C([CH1]=[CH1]C(=[CH1]1)C2=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1])[CH3])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 3 3
salts of 4,4'-carbonimidoylbis[N,N-dimethylaniline] complete

The IARC monograph Auramine and Auramine Production in volume 99 lists the following commercially relevant salts: sulfate, nitrate, nitrite, acetates, propionates, bromides, iodides, salts of alkyl-, aralkyl-, or arylsulfonic acids, thiocyanates, and phosphates. CASRN were found for sulfate, nitrate and acetate.

https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono99-9.pdf

other 6 5
Salts of 4,4'-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline) incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH1]1=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=C1[CH2]C2=[CH1]C(=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1])[ClD1])[ClD1])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 0 8
Salts of 4,4'-oxydianiline incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH1]1=[CH1]C(=[CH1][CH1]=C1[OD2]C2=[CH1][CH1]=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 3 3
salts of 4,4'-thiodianiline incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH1]1=[CH1]C(=[CH1][CH1]=C1[SD2]C2=[CH1][CH1]=C([CH1]=[CH1]2)[ND1])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 0 1
salts of aconitine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
Salts of aniline in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH]1=[CH][CH]=C([CH]=[CH]1)[NH2]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 14 14
salts of atropine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
salts of bromoxynil with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 9
salts of dichlorprop incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 1 3
salts of ephedrine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 1
salts of fenoprop, salts of 2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 5
salts of glyphosate incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 1 0
salts of glyphosate, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 1
Salts of hydrogen cyanide with the exception of complex cyanides and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.  Complex cyanides include ferrocyanides, ferricyanides and mercuric oxycyanide.

Omitted chemicals (those specified in Annex VI) include 

  • calcium cyanide
  • nickel dicyanide
  • cadmium cyanide
  • Gold cyanide
  • Platinum dicyanide
  • Mercury dicyanide
  • Potassium cyanide
  • Zinc cyanide
  • Tetraethylammonium cyanide
  • Silver cyanide
  • Sodium cyanide
  • Barium cyanide
  • Cadmium dipotassium tetracyanide
  • Benzoyl cyanide
  • Palladium dicyanide
  • Copper cyanide
  • Tetrabutylammonium cyanide
other 19 12
salts of hyoscine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 3
salts of hyoscyamine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
salts of ioxynil with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

2 11
salts of mecoprop incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 5
salts of nicotine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 4
salts of oxalic acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 2 0
salts of oxalic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 2
salts of papaverine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 1
salts of physostigmine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
salts of picric acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 4
salts of pilocarpine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
salts of strychnine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 8
salts of thiocyanic acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 0
salts of thiocyanic acid, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 4
SELENIUM COMPOUNDS complete 08/15/16 This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Se]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 3279 5
selenium compounds with the exception of cadmium sulphoselenide and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

3249 10
Selenium compounds, inorganic in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Se]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 0 2
Sepiolite compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 12 1
Sesquiterpene lactones (MAK list) complete

This compound group is populated from the List of Substances with MAK & BAT Values & Categories at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1002/9783527812127.oth/asset/oth.pdf?v=1&t=jasibday&s=5ca2bde2067c57e83f4b040bd5cd056eda4714b7

fixed list 26 1
Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCP) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 3 8
SILANE & SILOXANES GROUP incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 80 0
Silanes incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 41 0
Slack wax (petroleum), treated Slack wax incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 10 1
Solvent naphtha (coal), and related compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 8 1
Solvent naphtha (petroleum), and related processed products incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 17 1
Soots, tars, and mineral oils (untreated and mildly treated oils and used engine oils) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Spiro[isobenzofuran-1(3H),9'-[9H]xanthen]-3-one, 2',4',5',7'-tetrabromo-3',6'-dihydroxy- (eosin and related compounds) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 15 1
Strong Inorganic Acid Mists Containing Sulfuric Acid incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

other 4 1
Strontium compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sr]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 0 2
Styrene and derivatives incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 40 1
Sulfur containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 5
Synthetic hormones used in food production - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 0 0
Tail gas (petroleum), processed, distillates and fractions incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 32 1
TAMOXIFEN SALTS complete 07/08/19

The citrate salt appears to be the only commonly available salt

fixed list 3 2
Tar acids, distillate phenols, crude phenols and other related fractions incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 14 1
Tar bases, coal and other Distillate Bases incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 11 1
Tar oils, coal and oil fractions incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 3 1
Tar, brown-coal incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Tars, coal incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 11 1
Terephthalates incomplete

Terephthalates whose toxicology studies we have reviewed to date don't share the hazards that are common to studied orthophthalates. This is thought to be due to the fact that terephthalates are unlikely to break down to a toxic monoester. Orthophthalates are capable of breaking down to a toxic monoester. 

structure 16 0
Tetraalkyl lead compounds in progress

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

One approach would be to use the SMILES string 'C[Pb](*C)(C)C' and remove substances containing 'c[Pb]' (lowercase specifies aromatic). There are technical challenges since PubChem doesn't seem to provide an option to distinguish between aromatic and aliphatic carbons. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 22 54
Tetrabutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

2 9
Tetrachlorobenzenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 4
tetrachloroplatinates incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 1
tetrachloroplatinates with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
TETRACYCLINES incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Tetramethyl acetyloctahydronaphthalenes - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 0 0
Tetraoctyltin compounds complete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]', then subtracting compounds with 2+ octyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 8
THALLIUM (I), SOLUBLE SALTS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 11 1
Thallium Compounds complete 07/30/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Tl]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 264 0
thallium compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

7 4
Thiazoles incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=CSC=N1'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 0 1
Thioglycolates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 2
Thiurams incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Tin Compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 963 3
TIN COMPOUNDS, INORGANIC in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 2 6
Titanium dioxide compounds incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 72 10
Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) Compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC1=C(C=C(C=C1))N=C=O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

The MAK list populates this group with the following three compounds (none of the CASRN are valid)

Toluene‐2,4‐diisocyanate [584‐84‐9], Toluene‐2,6‐diisocyanate [91‐08‐7], mixture [26471‐62‐5]

structure 39 8
Toluenediisocyanates (MAK list) incomplete

This groups is populated from three chemicals in the MAK list.

other 0 2
Toxic Heavy Metals incomplete

Compounds containing 

  • Arsenic
  • Cadmium
  • Chromium VI
  • Lead
  • Mercury
other 4654 1
Toxins derived from Fusarium moniliforme (Fusarium verticillioides) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Trialkyl tin hydroxide incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

Distinguishing between alkyl and aryl side chains is not straightforward in PubChem's substructure searches. The SMILES string "[CH2][Sn]([CH2])([CH2])[OH]" captures the relevant groups but is not specific enough.

other 0 5
trialkylboranes incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 2
Trialkyltinhydroxide, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Trialkyltinoxide incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Triaryl tin hydroxide incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Tributyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]' subtracting '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 122 25
Tributyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 118 33
Tributyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 118 26
TRIBUTYLTIN ESTERS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 0 25
TRIBUTYLTIN SALTS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 0 25
Trichlorobenzenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 3