Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
Crude and refined coal tars complete 04/01/21

This compound group was populated from existing compound groups for the Cradle to Cradle (C2C) RSL.

48 1
CRYSTALLINE SILICAS - RESPIRABLE incomplete

The various forms of crystalline silica are: α-quartz, β-quartz, α-tridymite, β-tridymite, α-cristobalite, β-cristobalite, keatite, coesite, stishovite, and moganite. NIOSH (2002)....Keatite, coesite, stishovite, and moganite are rarely found in nature. The most commonly occurring polymorphs are quartz, cristobalite and tridymite, which are found in rocks and soil. 

NIOSH Hazard Review: Health Effects of Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica (DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2002–129). Cincinnati, OH, 145 pp.

From https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK304370/#

other 8 7
CYANIDE COMPOUNDS complete

This compound group includes both commercially relevant compounds such as Hydrogen Cyanide, Sodium Cyanide, Potassium Cyanide, and Calcium Cyanide, as well as cyanide salts that are less common. 

structure 38 8
Cyclic, branched or linear completely fluorinated alkanes incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 8
Cyclic, branched or linear completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 8
Cyclic, branched, or linear completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 8
Cyclizine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Cyclocyloxanes - Biomonitoring CA complete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 3 0
Cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic anhydrides incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1CCC2C(C1)C(=O)OC2=O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 3 1
Cyclomenol and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Cyclophosphamide and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Decamethonium bromide incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Dextromethorphan and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Di- and triether of alkanediols and -triols (C3-C8, linear and branched) with epichlorohydrin (content of free epichlorohydrin < 20 ppm, not characterized as H351 or H350) complete 06/17/19 fixed list 16 1
Di-isodecyl phthalate and metabolite complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
Di-n-Octyl Phthalate and metabolites complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Diazonium salts incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C=[N+]=[N-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 602 1
Dibenzanthracenes incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
DIBENZOFURAN COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=CC=C2C(=C1)C3=CC=CC=C3O2'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 19 0
Dibutyl phthalate and metabolites complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Dibutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CCCC[Sn]CCCC.CCCC[Sn]CCCC'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 83 12
Dichlorobenzenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 5 6
Dichloroethylenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
dichloropropanes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 17 1
Dicyclohexyl phthalate and metabolite complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
Diethyl hexyl phthalate and metabolites complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
Diethyl phthalate and metabolite incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
Diglycidyl ethers of p,p´-bisphenols - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 0 0
Diisobutyl phthalate and metabolite incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
Diisocyanates incomplete 03/26/21

This compound group is from the C2C V4 RSL.

25 3
Diisocyanates (TRI Category) 03/09/21

This compound group was populated using a list of chemicals that are reportable under the MA Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA). See https://www.mass.gov/guides/massdep-toxics-use-reduction-program#-listed-chemicals- for more information.

fixed list 24 4
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP) compounds incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 9 14
Dimethyl phthalate and metabolite incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 3 1
Dimethylarsenic acids complete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][As](=O)([CH3])O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 36
Dimethylphenols incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Dimethyltin derivatives complete 07/26/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][Sn]([CH3])', then subtracting compounds with 3+ methyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 276 9
Dimevamide and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Dinitro-ortho-cresol (DNOC) salts incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC1=C(C=C(C=C1O)[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. 3 1
Dinitro-ortho-cresol (DNOC), salts in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3]C1=[CH]C(=[CH]C(=C1[OH])[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 0 10
Dinitrobenzene isomers incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 8 1
Dinitronaphthalene isomers incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Dinitrophenols incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 9 2
Dinitrotoluenes incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 15 1
Dinoseb salts and esters incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CCC(C)C1=CC(=CC(=C1O)[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 10 3
Dinoterb salts and esters incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC(C)(C)C1=CC(=CC(=C1O)[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 0 6
Dioctyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CCCCCCCC[Sn]CCCCCCCC'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 12 12
Dioctyltin dilaurate, stannane, dioctyl-, bis(coco acyloxy) derivs., and any other stannane, dioctyl-, bis(fatty acyloxy) derivs. wherein C12 is the predominant carbon number of the fatty acyloxy moiety

This compound group has not been populated yet.

0 1
Dioxethedrin and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Dioxin and Dioxin-like Compounds (TRI Category) 03/09/21

This compound group was populated using a list of chemicals that are reportable under the MA Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA). See https://www.mass.gov/guides/massdep-toxics-use-reduction-program#-listed-chemicals- for more information.

fixed list 17 14
DIOXINS & DIOXIN-LIKE COMPOUNDS incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 22 13
Diphenhydramine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Diphenylpyraline and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Diphenyltin derivatives complete 07/26/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH]1=[CH][CH]=C([CH]=[CH]1)[Sn](C2=[CH][CH]=[CH][CH]=[CH]2)'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 153 11
Dithiocarbamates incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMARTS string 'C(=[SD1])([ND1])[SD1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 0 1
Dodecyl phenols incomplete

Populated from Swedish EPA

http://webapps.kemi.se/flodesanalyser/

other 8 1
Doxylamine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Emetine, its salts and derivatives incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Endosulfan Isomers complete This compound group was populated from the Stockholm POPs Convention decision http://chm.pops.int/TheConvention/ThePOPs/TheNewPOPs/tabid/2511/Default.aspx fixed list 2 3
Erionite incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 3 1
Eserine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
esters of 2,4-D incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 4
esters of mecoprop and of mecoprop-P incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 4
Estrogens, steroidal incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
Ethanol, 2,2'-iminobis-, reaction products with epichlorohydrin and 2-nitro-1,4-benzenediamine (HC Blue No. 5) and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 2 1
Ethoheptazine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Ethylene amines incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C(CN)N'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 12 1
ETHYLENEBISDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID, SALTS AND ESTERS 7 1
ethylenediammonium O,O-bis(octyl) phosphorodithioate, mixed isomers incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 4
Extract oils (coal), coal-tar residual pyrolysis oils, and other distillate fractions, residues incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 10 1
Extract residues (coal), and other fractions and distillation residues incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 15 1
Extracts (petroleum) and realted distillates and unspecified fractions incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 26 1
Fatty acid dialkylamides and dialkanolamides 2 0
Fatty alcohols, saturated, with even-numbered C-chain, number of C-atoms >=16, with terminating OH-group complete 39 1
Flame Retardants incomplete

This compound group is populated by its subgroups and literature searches for flame retardants. Please contact support@pharosproject.net with any suggestions or additions.

functional use 527 0
Flame Retardants, non-halogenated, non-organophosphorous incomplete

This group includes minerals, amines, and inorganic phosphates

functional use 21 0
Fluoride compounds, Inorganic in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[F]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 46 2
Fluorides incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Fluorinated Organic Compounds incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C[F]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. structure 5910 0
fluoroacetates, soluble incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
Fluoroaceticacid, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 2
Fluoropolymers incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

269 7
fluorosilicates incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 2 0
fluorosilicates, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 1
Fluorotelomer-related compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

1873 7
Foots oil (petroleum) and other treated and untreated Foots oil incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
Formaldehyde based binders incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. functional use 398 3
Formaldehyde compounds and polymers complete 09/11/18

This compound group was populated by searching ChemIDplus for all compounds whose name contained "formaldehyde". Additionally, it contains the compounds in its subgroups. 

other 1161 2
Formaldehyde compounds, Urea formaldehyde based incomplete

This compound group was populated with chemicals in Pharos with both "urea" and "formaldehyde" in the name.

other 164 5
Formaldehyde Donors complete 05/29/20

This compound group is populated from a list of chemicals in an ECHA Investigation Report - Formaldehyde and Formaldehyde Releasers as well as manual searches. Report downloaded from https://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/13641/annex_xv_report_formaldehyde_en.pdf/58be2f0a-7ca7-264d-a594-da5051a1c74b

functional use 186 0
Fuel gases incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 15 1
Fuel oils, high-sulfur, Heavy Fuel oil, (and other residual oils) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
FURANS incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=COC=C1'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 0 1
Gas oils (oil sand) (and hydrotreated) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Gas oils (petroleum), treated fractions incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 15 1
Gases (petroleum), refined, and recovered Refinery gasses incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 88 1
Gasoline (automotive, refined, processed, recovered, and other unspecified fractions) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 8 1
Germanium Compounds complete 08/09/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ge]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 1206 1
Glutethimide and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Glycidyl ethers incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

The SMILES string "COCC1CO1" captures all glycidyl ethers but is not specific enough as the only filter. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 2 2
GLYCOL ETHERS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 3479 4