Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
fluorosilicates, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 1
Fluorotelomer-related compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

1873 5
HBCD ISOMERS (US EPA TRI PBTs) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

2 1
hexachloroplatinates with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
inorganic compounds of mercury with the exception of mercuric sulphide and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

118 38
Lead Compounds, Soluble incomplete

This Compound Group is populated from a list provided in the National Toxicology Program's 14th Report on Carcinogens at https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/content/profiles/lead.pdf.

"Lead compounds may be divided between those compounds that are relatively soluble in water and those that are relatively insoluble in water. Compounds are considered soluble or insoluble based on the following criteria: (1)  If a solubility constant (Ksp) is available, a compound with a value greater than or equal to the Ksp for lead chloride (1 × 10–4) is considered soluble. (2) If a Ksp is not available, a compound is considered soluble if more than 2 g of the compound dissolves in 100 mL of water. (3) If no numeric solubility data are available, the compounds are considered soluble or insoluble according to the general rules of solubility. The major soluble lead compounds are lead acetate, lead acetate trihydrate, lead chloride, lead nitrate, and lead subacetate"

5 37
Mercury, organic compounds (MAK) incomplete

MAK provides the following criteria for the organic mercury compounds it flags as hazardous. The complexity of the criteria make it impractical to conduct a structural search for members. The group may be populated using another approach in the future.

"Organomercury compounds are characterized chemically by the covalent binding of one or two alkyl or aryl groups and covalent or ionic binding of a group such as halide,hydroxide, acetate, nitrate or phosphate to the mercury atom."

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/3527600418.mb743997orge0015

0 31
methylphenylenediamines, their n- substituted derivatives and their salts 6 0
Mineral wool, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [with alkaline oxide and alkali earth oxide content greater than 18 % by weight] incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
monoalkyl or monoaryl or monoalkyaryl esters of methacrylic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
Monoalkylamines, monoalkanolamines and their salts 18 0
Monometharsonic acids in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][As](=O)(O)O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 33
n-substituted derivatives of p-phenylenediamine and their salts 4 0
Non-arsenical insecticides (occupational exposures in spraying and application of) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
o-dianisidine based azo dyes 4,4'-diarylazo-3,3'-dimethoxybiphenyl dyes with the exception of those mentioned elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 8
o-tolidine based dyes 4,4'-diarylazo-3,3'-dimethylbiphenyl dyes, with the exception of those mentioned elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 6
Other PFAA precursors and related compounds - perfluoroalkyl ones incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

315 5
Other PFAA precursors or related compounds - semifluorinated incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

746 5
Pentanol isomers with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 3
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl ether-based compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

365 5
Perfluoroalkane sulfonyl compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

629 5
Perfluoroalkyl carbonyl compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

514 5
Perfluoroalkyl phosphate compounds incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

23 5
polyacrylamides incomplete 4 0
Polychlorophenols and their sodium salts 04/13/20 6 2
POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAH) (US NIH RoC) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

15 1
Polyhalogenated alicycles (NAS OFR subclass) complete

This compound group is populated from a National Academies of Science report "A Class Approach to Hazard Assessment of Organohalogen Flame Retardants (2019)" available at https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25412/a-class-approach-to-hazard-assessment-of-organohalogen-flame-retardants

17 5
Polyhalogenated aliphatic carboxylate (NAS OFR subclass) complete

This compound group is populated from a National Academies of Science report "A Class Approach to Hazard Assessment of Organohalogen Flame Retardants (2019)" available at https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25412/a-class-approach-to-hazard-assessment-of-organohalogen-flame-retardants

4 5
proteases with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 4
pyrethrins including cinerins, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 5
Radioiodines, including iodine-131 incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 2
Radionuclides incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

3 1
Radionuclides, alpha-particle-emitting, internally deposited incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 2
Radionuclides, beta-particle-emitting, internally deposited incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 2
Refractory Ceramic Fibres, Special Purpose Fibres, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, [with alkaline oxide and alkali earth oxide content less or equal to 18 % by weight] incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

3 9
Residual (heavy) fuel oils incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
retinol/retinyl esters, when in daily dosages in excess of 10,000 iu, or 3,000 retinol equivalents incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
salts of bromoxynil with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 9
salts of glyphosate, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 1
salts of ioxynil with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

2 11
salts of oxalic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 2
salts of thiocyanic acid, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 4
selenium compounds with the exception of cadmium sulphoselenide and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

3174 10
Soots, tars, and mineral oils (untreated and mildly treated oils and used engine oils) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 3
Sulfur containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 6
sunscreens 9 0
Tetrabutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

2 9
tetrachloroplatinates with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
Tetraoctyltin compounds complete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]', then subtracting compounds with 2+ octyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 8
thallium compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

6 4
Thioglycolic acid and its salts

CASRN taken from https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/chem_background/exsumpdf/sodiumthioglycolate_508.pdf

4 0
thioglycolic acid esters

CASRN taken from https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/chem_background/exsumpdf/sodiumthioglycolate_508.pdf

1 0
Toxins derived from Fusarium moniliforme (Fusarium verticillioides) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
trialkylamines, trialkanolamines and their salts 6 0
triethyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 12
Trioctyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 15
Vanadium and compounds, unless water solubility < 4 g Vanadium/l complete 5 0
water soluble zinc salts 7 0
Zirconium Compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Zr]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

10 0