Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorcyclohexanes with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-(heptafluoropropoxy)propionic acid, its salts and its acyl halides incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
5-sec-butyl-2-(2,4- dimethylcyclohex-3- en-1-yl)-5-methyl1,3-dioxane [1], 5- sec-butyl-2-(4,6- dimethylcyclohex-3- en-1-yl)-5-methyl1,3-dioxane [2] [covering any of the individual stereoisomers of [1] and [2] or any combination thereof] (karanal group) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 0
Acid mists, strong inorganic incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
Aflatoxins complete 03/08/18

Group members were obtained from IARC VOL.: 82 (2002) (p. 171)

10 3
alkali salts and alkali earth salts of thiocyanic acid, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 4
Aminoglycosides incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
amylases with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

5 2
Anabolic steroids incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Antimicrobials in GSPI's 6 Classes incomplete

This compound group is based in part on the GADSL list of restricted antimicrobials at https://www.gadsl.org/.

1120 1
antimony compounds, with the exception of the tetroxide (Sb2O4), pentoxide (Sb2O5), trisulphide (Sb2S3), pentasulphide (Sb2S5) and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

382 19
arsenic acid and its salts with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

111 44
Arsenic acid and its salts with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

108 39
arsenic compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

2008 34
Barbiturates incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Barium Salts complete 08/03/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[BaD0]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

771 0
barium salts, with the exception of barium sulphate, salts of 1-azo-2-hydroxynaphthalenyl aryl sulphonic acid, and of salts specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

3 2
benzidine based azo dyes 4,4'-diarylazobiphenyl dyes, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 16
Benzidine-related compounds incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

148 0
beryllium compounds with the exception of aluminium beryllium silicates, and with those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

155 20
Bisphenol A (BPA)-based chemicals and polymers complete

This compound group is a curated selection of compounds in the Pharos database whose names include Bisphenol A.

586 0
Bisphenols in GSPI's 6 Classes in progress 11/08/19 43 1
Bitumens in progress

This compound group is defined based on IARC Monograph 103 at https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono103.pdf.

"This monograph concerns only bitumens produced by petroleum refining and not naturally ocurring bitumens. Thus the term "bitumens", as used in this volume, refers to the products derived from residues resulting from vacuum distillation of selected petroleum crude oils."

84 4
cadmium compounds, with the exception of cadmium sulphoselenide, reaction of cadmium sulphide with zinc sulphide, reaction of cadmium sulphide with mercury sulphide, and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals listed.

390 38
cellulases with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
Chlorobiphenyls that have the molecular formula C12H(10-n)Cln in which "n" is greater than 2 incomplete

This group is populated by taking the POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs) group and removing members with 2 chlorine atoms.

223 30
chloronitroanilines with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 6
Chromium (VI) compounds, with the exception of barium chromate and of compounds specified elsewhere in Annex VI to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

118 40
Coal tar pitch volatiles (coal tar products) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Cobalt-Tungsten Carbide Powders and Hard Metals incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
Conjugated estrogens incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
Cyclic, branched or linear completely fluorinated alkanes incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 5
Cyclic, branched or linear completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 5
Cyclic, branched, or linear completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 5
Dibenzanthracenes incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Dimethylarsenic acids complete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][As](=O)([CH3])O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 31
Dinitro-ortho-cresol (DNOC) salts incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC1=C(C=C(C=C1O)[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. 5 1
Estrogens, steroidal incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
Fatty alcohols, saturated, with even-numbered C-chain, number of C-atoms >=16, with terminating OH-group complete 81 1
Fluoropolymers incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

552 4
fluorosilicates, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 1
Fluorotelomer-related compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

1928 4
HBCD ISOMERS (US EPA TRI PBTs) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

4 1
hexachloroplatinates with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
inorganic compounds of mercury with the exception of mercuric sulphide and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

133 35
Lead Compounds, Soluble incomplete

This Compound Group is populated from a list provided in the National Toxicology Program's 14th Report on Carcinogens at https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/content/profiles/lead.pdf.

"Lead compounds may be divided between those compounds that are relatively soluble in water and those that are relatively insoluble in water. Compounds are considered soluble or insoluble based on the following criteria: (1)  If a solubility constant (Ksp) is available, a compound with a value greater than or equal to the Ksp for lead chloride (1 × 10–4) is considered soluble. (2) If a Ksp is not available, a compound is considered soluble if more than 2 g of the compound dissolves in 100 mL of water. (3) If no numeric solubility data are available, the compounds are considered soluble or insoluble according to the general rules of solubility. The major soluble lead compounds are lead acetate, lead acetate trihydrate, lead chloride, lead nitrate, and lead subacetate"

6 36
Mineral wool, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [with alkaline oxide and alkali earth oxide content greater than 18 % by weight] incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
monoalkyl or monoaryl or monoalkyaryl esters of methacrylic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
Monometharsonic acids in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][As](=O)(O)O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 31
Non-arsenical insecticides (occupational exposures in spraying and application of) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
o-dianisidine based azo dyes 4,4'-diarylazo-3,3'-dimethoxybiphenyl dyes with the exception of those mentioned elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 7
o-tolidine based dyes 4,4'-diarylazo-3,3'-dimethylbiphenyl dyes, with the exception of those mentioned elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 6
Other PFAA precursors and related compounds - perfluoroalkyl ones incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

351 4
Other PFAA precursors or related compounds - semifluorinated incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

753 4
Pentanol isomers with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 3
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl ether-based compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

408 4
Perfluoroalkane sulfonyl compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

686 4
Perfluoroalkyl carbonyl compounds incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

527 4
Perfluoroalkyl phosphate compounds incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

23 4
POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAH) (US NIH RoC) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

19 1
Polyhalogenated alicycles (NAS OFR subclass) complete

This compound group is populated from a National Academies of Science report "A Class Approach to Hazard Assessment of Organohalogen Flame Retardants (2019)" available at https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25412/a-class-approach-to-hazard-assessment-of-organohalogen-flame-retardants

20 4
Polyhalogenated aliphatic carboxylate (NAS OFR subclass) complete

This compound group is populated from a National Academies of Science report "A Class Approach to Hazard Assessment of Organohalogen Flame Retardants (2019)" available at https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25412/a-class-approach-to-hazard-assessment-of-organohalogen-flame-retardants

6 4
proteases with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 4
pyrethrins including cinerins, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 5
Radioiodines, including iodine-131 incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 2
Radionuclides incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

3 1
Radionuclides, alpha-particle-emitting, internally deposited incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 2
Radionuclides, beta-particle-emitting, internally deposited incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 2
Refractory Ceramic Fibres, Special Purpose Fibres, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, [with alkaline oxide and alkali earth oxide content less or equal to 18 % by weight] incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

3 7
Residual (heavy) fuel oils incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
retinol/retinyl esters, when in daily dosages in excess of 10,000 iu, or 3,000 retinol equivalents incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
salts of bromoxynil with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 9
salts of glyphosate, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 1
salts of ioxynil with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

2 11
salts of oxalic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

1 2
salts of thiocyanic acid, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 4
selenium compounds with the exception of cadmium sulphoselenide and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

3249 10
Soots, tars, and mineral oils (untreated and mildly treated oils and used engine oils) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Sulfur containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 5
Tetrabutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

2 9
tetrachloroplatinates with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
Tetraoctyltin compounds complete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]', then subtracting compounds with 2+ octyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 8
thallium compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

7 4
Toxins derived from Fusarium moniliforme (Fusarium verticillioides) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
triethyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 12
Trioctyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 15
Vanadium and compounds, unless water solubility < 4 g Vanadium/l complete 12 0
Zirconium Compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Zr]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

12 0
ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Al]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 307 3
Antimony Compounds complete 06/06/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sb]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 1065 16
ARSENIC COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[As]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 2058 27
BARIUM COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ba]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 95 5
BERYLLIUM COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Be]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 163 11
BORON COMPOUNDS incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[B]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 437 3
CADMIUM COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Cd]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 417 33
Cerium Compounds complete 07/31/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ce]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 404 1
CHROMIUM (III) COMPOUNDS complete 11/17/17 This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Cr+3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 552 3
Chromium Compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Cr]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 699 0
COBALT COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Co]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 676 19