Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
Terephthalates incomplete

Terephthalates whose toxicology studies we have reviewed to date don't share the hazards that are common to studied orthophthalates. This is thought to be due to the fact that terephthalates are unlikely to break down to a toxic monoester. Orthophthalates are capable of breaking down to a toxic monoester. 

structure 12 0
Tetraalkyl lead compounds in progress

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

One approach would be to use the SMILES string 'C[Pb](*C)(C)C' and remove substances containing 'c[Pb]' (lowercase specifies aromatic). There are technical challenges since PubChem doesn't seem to provide an option to distinguish between aromatic and aliphatic carbons. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 22 58
Tetrabenazine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Tetrabutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

2 9
Tetracain and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Tetrachlorobenzenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 7
tetrachloroplatinates incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 1
tetrachloroplatinates with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 5
TETRACYCLINES incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Tetrahydrozoline and its salts, Tetryzoline incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Tetramethyl acetyloctahydronaphthalenes - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 0 0
Tetraoctyltin compounds complete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]', then subtracting compounds with 2+ octyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 8
Thalidomide and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
THALLIUM (I), SOLUBLE SALTS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 7 4
Thallium Compounds complete 07/30/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Tl]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 218 3
thallium compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

6 7
Thiazoles incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=CSC=N1'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 0 1
Thioglycolates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 2
Thioglycolic acid and its salts

CASRN taken from https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/chem_background/exsumpdf/sodiumthioglycolate_508.pdf

4 1
thioglycolic acid esters

CASRN taken from https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/chem_background/exsumpdf/sodiumthioglycolate_508.pdf

1 0
Thiourea and its derivatives incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Thiurams incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Thyropropic acid and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Tin Compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 874 3
TIN COMPOUNDS, INORGANIC in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 2 5
Titanium dioxide compounds incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 9 10
Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) Compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC1=C(C=C(C=C1))N=C=O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

The MAK list populates this group with the following three compounds (none of the CASRN are valid)

Toluene‐2,4‐diisocyanate [584‐84‐9], Toluene‐2,6‐diisocyanate [91‐08‐7], mixture [26471‐62‐5]

structure 9 8
Toluenediisocyanates (MAK list) incomplete

This groups is populated from three chemicals in the MAK list.

other 0 2
Toxic Heavy Metals incomplete

Compounds containing 

  • Arsenic
  • Cadmium
  • Chromium VI
  • Lead
  • Mercury
other 5026 1
Toxins derived from Fusarium moniliforme (Fusarium verticillioides) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 1
Trialkyl tin hydroxide incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

Distinguishing between alkyl and aryl side chains is not straightforward in PubChem's substructure searches. The SMILES string "[CH2][Sn]([CH2])([CH2])[OH]" captures the relevant groups but is not specific enough.

other 0 5
trialkylamines, trialkanolamines and their salts 6 0
trialkylboranes incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 0 2
Trialkyltinhydroxide, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Trialkyltinoxide incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Triamterene and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Triaryl tin hydroxide incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Tributyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]' subtracting '[CH3][CH2][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3])[CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 118 26
Tributyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 114 34
Tributyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 114 27
TRIBUTYLTIN ESTERS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 0 26
TRIBUTYLTIN SALTS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 0 26
Trichlorobenzenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 6
Trichlorophenol and its salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 9 0
triethyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH3])'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 1 7
triethyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 12
Trihalomethanes incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH]([F,Cl,Br,I])([F,Cl,Br,I])[F,Cl,Br,I]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 4 1
Trimethylbenzene isomers incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 3 2
Trimethylhexamethylene-1,6-di-isocyanates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Trimethylpentane isomers incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 10 1
trimethyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][Sn]([CH3])([CH3])'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 3 9
Trimethyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 2 14
Trinickel, other salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
Trioctyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CCCCCCCC[Sn](CCCCCCCC)(CCCCCCCC)'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 2 11
Trioctyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 15
Triorganotin compounds incomplete

This compound group was populated from the 2016 GADSL list at http://www.gadsl.org/ as well as subgroups.

structure 190 7
TRIPHENYLTIN COMPOUNDS in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=CC=C(C=C1)[Sn](C2=CC=CC=C2)C3=CC=CC=C3'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 6 19
Triphenyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 3 24
Triphenyltin fatty acid ester (alkyl C=9-11) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 21
tripropyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][CH2][CH2][Sn]([CH2][CH2][CH3])([CH2][CH2][CH3])'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 1 7
Tripropyltin compounds, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 0 12
Tuaminoheptane, its isomers and salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Uranium compounds in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[U]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 6 2
Uranium compounds with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 3 6
Uranium compounds, insoluble incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 2
Uranium compounds, soluble inorganic incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 4
US CDC National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals List incomplete 07/27/20

CASRN were manually assigned based on the chemical list at https://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/pdf/Report_Chemical_List-508.pdf

The reports are available at https://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/index.html

Executive summary: https://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/pdf/FourthReport_ExecutiveSummary.pdf

Spreadsheet indicating which chemicals have not been assigned CASRN / included: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1cUDY8uAy7lUdYpJ4iGw7bC2sVq23k1A9BhEEHaPqLSw/edit#gid=575529260

fixed list 746 0
Vanadium and compounds, unless water solubility < 4 g Vanadium/l complete 5 1
Vanadium Compounds 8 1
Vanadium compounds, inorganic in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[V]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 1 3
Vinyl halides complete

This compound group is composed of four chemicals so no substructure search is needed to populate it

other 4 2
Volatile esters of bromoacetic acids incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 1
Volatile Methylated Siloxanes (VMS) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 8 2
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 0
Warfarin, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 1 5
water soluble zinc salts 7 0
XYLENE COMPOUNDS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 16 2
Xylidine isomers incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 9 1
Xylidines with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 6 6
Xylometazoline and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Yohimbine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Zinc Alloys incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 0
Zinc chromates incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[O-][Cr](=O)(=O)[O-].[Zn+2]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 14 18
ZINC COMPOUNDS in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Zn]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 79 8
Zirconium Compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Zr]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

11 2
Zirconium, insoluble compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 4
Zirconium, soluble compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 3