Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
Lubricating oils, - used, distilled, refined used, and treated fractions incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 7 1
magnesium alkyls incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 3
magnesium salts, fatty acids, C16-18 and C18 unsaturated, branched and linear incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 1
Malachite green salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
Manganese Compounds complete 08/09/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Mn]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 797 3
Manganese Compounds, soluble incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 4
MERCURY COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Hg]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 1096 27
MERCURY COMPOUNDS, ALKYL incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

Substructure searches in PubChem cannot easily distinguish between aliphatic and aromatic carbons. If it could, the compound group would be defined by the SMILES string 'C[Hg]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing 'c[Hg]' (lowercase specifies aromatic). For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 502 29
Mercury Compounds, Alkyloxyalkyl and aryl mercury compounds incomplete

The list can be derived from the PIC Rotterdam Convention Annex III tables http://www.pic.int/Default.aspx?tabid=1132.

structure 46 29
MERCURY COMPOUNDS, INORGANIC in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Hg]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 143 31
Mercury Compounds, Methylmercury incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][Hg]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. structure 7 31
MERCURY COMPOUNDS, ORGANIC in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C[Hg]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. structure 836 28
Mercury, organic compounds (MAK) incomplete

MAK provides the following criteria for the organic mercury compounds it flags as hazardous. The complexity of the criteria make it impractical to conduct a structural search for members. The group may be populated using another approach in the future.

"Organomercury compounds are characterized chemically by the covalent binding of one or two alkyl or aryl groups and covalent or ionic binding of a group such as halide,hydroxide, acetate, nitrate or phosphate to the mercury atom."

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/3527600418.mb743997orge0015

0 30
metal salts of thiocyanic acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 0
metal salts of thiocyanic acid, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 0 5
Methacrylates incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC(=C)C(=O)OC'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 201 2
Methylarsenic compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[As][CH3]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

This group will contain

Monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) C[As](=O)(O)O

Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) C[As](=O)(C)O

structure 11 32
METHYLENE DIPHENYL DIISOCYANATE (MDI) COMPOUNDS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 120 4
METHYLHYDRAZINE SALTS in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][NH][NH2]' or the SMARTS string '[CD1][ND2][ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 1 5
Mineral wool, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [with alkaline oxide and alkali earth oxide content greater than 18 % by weight] incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
Molybdenum Compounds complete 08/09/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Mo]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 551 3
Monensin, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 1
monoalkyl or monoaryl or monoalkyaryl esters of methacrylic acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 1 0
monoalkyl or monoaryl or monoalkyaryl esters of methacrylic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
monoalkyl or monoaryl or monoalkylaryl esters of acrylic acid incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 1 0
monoalkyl or monoaryl or monoalkylaryl esters of acrylic acid with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 0 4
Monobutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]' subtracting compounds with 2+ butyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 0 11
Monohalomethanes complete

This compound group is composed of four chemicals so no substructure search is needed to populate it

other 15 2
Monometharsonic acids in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH3][As](=O)(O)O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

0 32
Monomethyltin derivatives complete 07/26/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn][CH3]' subtracting compounds with 2+ methyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 96 9
Monooctyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Sn][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH2][CH3]', then subtracting compounds with 2+ octyl ligands. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 0 11
Monophenyltin derivatives complete 07/26/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH]1=[CH][CH]=C([CH]=[CH]1)[Sn]', then subtracting compounds matching diphenyltin. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 70 11
N-Alkyl toluidine incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 5
N-Alkyl toluidine, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

Because of the heterogeneity of the alkyl groups, populating this group through a structural search may not be feasible. As a starting point, the following three structures get close but do not constrain the alkyl group properly (o, m, p): [CH3]C1=C([CH1]=[CH1][CH1]=[CH1]1)[ND2][CH2] plus [CH1]1=C([CH1]=C([CH1]=[CH1]1)[CH3])[ND2][CH2] plus [CH1]1=C([CH1]=[CH1]C(=[CH1]1)[CH3])[ND2][CH2]

other 3 4
Naphtha (petroleum), treated fractions, - unspecified incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 76 1
Naphthenic oils (petroleum), dewaxed light and heavy, Baseoil - unspecified incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Chemical List complete 07/27/20

This list was copied from https://comptox.epa.gov/dashboard/chemical_lists/NHANES2019

fixed list 819 0
Natural gas (petroleum), condensates - unspecified incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 5 1
Nickel (soluble compounds) incomplete other 0 1
Nickel acetate similar soluble salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 23
Nickel bis(sulfate)s incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].[O-]S(=O)(=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 2 1
Nickel borides incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
Nickel carbonates incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].C(=O)([OX1-])[OX1-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 22 1
NICKEL COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 564 22
Nickel compounds, inorganic in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni]' subtracting '[Ni].C'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 24 2
NICKEL COMPOUNDS, INSOLUBLE incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 0 22
Nickel compounds, oxidic in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'O=[Ni]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

"including nickel oxide, nickel-copper oxide, nickel silicate oxides, and complex oxides"

https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/environmental-workplace-health/reports-publications/environmental-contaminants/canadian-environmental-protection-act-priority-substances-list-assessment-report-nickel-compounds.html

structure 47 24
NICKEL COMPOUNDS, SOLUBLE incomplete This group was populated based on: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/healthguidelines/nickelsolublecompounds/recognition.html other 8 23
Nickel Compounds, Soluble (MAK list) complete

This compound group has been populated using subgroups listed by MAK Commission of Germany.

fixed list 27 24
Nickel compounds, sulfidic incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 8 24
Nickel formates incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].[CH1](=O)[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 3 1
Nickel halides incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].[F,Cl,Br,I;X0-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 6 1
Nickel hydroxides incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].[OX1H-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 7 1
Nickel nitrates incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 4 1
Nickel oxalates incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Ni+2].C(=O)(C(=O)[O-])[O-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 3 1
Nickel phosphates and phosphinates incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'Phosphate: [O-]P(=O)([O-])[O-].[Ni+2] Phosphide...'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 7 1
Nickel phosphides incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
Nickel silicates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 13 1
Nickel silicides incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 11 1
Nickel, other organic compounds incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C[Ni]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. structure 32 1
Nitrilotriacetic acid sodium salts incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C(C(=O)O)N(CC(=O)O)CC(=O)O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 10 2
Nitro PAHS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 9 1
Nitrophenols incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 12 1
Nitropyrene compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
Nitrosamines incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'NN=O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 42 1
nitrotoluidines incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 0
nitrotoluidines, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 0 5
Nitrous acid, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 3
NON HALOGENATED FLAME RETARDANTS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. functional use 159 0
Non-arsenical insecticides (occupational exposures in spraying and application of) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
Non-chlorinated Phenols incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
Non-halogenated aromatic phosphates - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 0 0
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) incomplete

This compound group was populated from reports provided by the US EPA, Canadian government, and ECHA, as well as searches for 'nonylphenol' in the ECHA C&L Inventory, PubChem and the 2016 GADSL list.

https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/national-pollutant-release-inventory/report/sector-specific-tools-calculate-emissions/list-nonylphenol-ethoxylates.html

https://www.epa.gov/toxics-release-inventory-tri-program/addition-npes-category-tri-list-proposed-rule

http://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/f24cf2d8-11d5-4495-9e18-065b34e94e0b

https://echa.europa.eu/information-on-chemicals/cl-inventory-database

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

http://www.gadsl.org/

other 307 23
Nonylphenol, branched and linear, ethoxylated, EO =< 11 mol incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 24
Nonylphenol, branched and linear, ethoxylated, EO > 11 mol incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 24
Nonylphenols incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 80 21
Nonylphenols and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates (NPEs) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 371 11
o-dianisidine based azo dyes 4,4'-diarylazo-3,3'-dimethoxybiphenyl dyes with the exception of those mentioned elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 8
o-Dianisidine-based dyes incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 4
O-PHENYLENEDIAMINE SALTS in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[CH]1=[CH][CH]=[C]([C](=[CH]1)[ND1])[ND1]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 2 1
o-tolidine based dyes 4,4'-diarylazo-3,3'-dimethylbiphenyl dyes, with the exception of those mentioned elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 6
o-Tolidine-based dyes incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 3
Octylphenol ethoxylates incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)C1=CC=C(C=C1)OCCO'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 91 5
Octylphenol ethoxylates and related compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 125 2
Octylphenols incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 30 2
Octyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is populated by its subgroups.

other 40 8
Organic compounds of mercury with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

other 821 34
ORGANOPHOSPHOROUS COMPOUNDS complete 09/13/18

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'POC'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 3311 1
Organophosphorous flame retardants (OPFRs) incomplete

This compound group is populated from lists of organophosphorous / organophosphate flame retardants from multiple commercial and academic sources.

functional use 178 2
ORGANOTIN COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C[Sn]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 959 7
Organotin Compounds (OSPAR group) incomplete

The group of organic tin compounds identified by OSPAR for priority action comprises mono-, di-, tri and tetrabutyl and triphenyl tin compounds. https://www.ospar.org/documents?v=7271

other 219 7
ortho-Phthalates - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 54 0
Other PFAA precursors and related compounds - perfluoroalkyl ones incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

351 5
Other PFAA precursors or related compounds - semifluorinated incomplete

This group was populated from the OECD's Comprehensive Global Database of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) at http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/portal-perfluorinated-chemicals/.

753 5
Oxazolidine formaldehyde releasers in progress 06/03/20

This compound group was populated by a manual search.

functional use 6 0
p,p´-Bisphenols - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 0 0
Palygorskite fibers (> 5µm in length) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 8 2
Parabens incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 11 1
Paraffin oils (petroleum) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 16 1
Paraffin waxes (coal) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 5 1