Compound Groups

Compound groups are groups of chemicals that share structural or chemical features. In most cases, hazard lists will assign hazards to individual substances. Compound groups are useful because in some cases, lists will instead identify a group of structurally similar compounds (such as lead compounds) as all having the same hazard. The Pharos staff is in the process of establishing and populating compound groups, and associating warnings from the hazard lists with them. The table below indicates how each compound group is populated, and what is the status of its population.
Compound Groups
COMPOUND GROUP NAME POPULATION STATUS DATE POPULATED DESCRIPTION PROFILE TYPE # MEMBERS # HAZARDS
Betoxycaine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Biocidal coatings / biocidal additives (GADSL list) incomplete

This compound group was populated from the 2016 GADSL list at http://www.gadsl.org/

fixed list 378 0
Biocides incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

functional use 381 0
Biphenamine and its salts, 2-Diethylaminoethyl 3-hydroxy-4-phenylbenzoate incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Bisphenol A (BPA) Structural Analogues incomplete

This compound group was populated in part from chemicals in the NTP Research Report on Biological Activity of Bisphenol A (BPA) Structural Analogues and Functional Alternatives: Research Report 4, National Toxicology Program, October 2017.

https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/results/pubs/rr/reports/rr04_508.pdf

 

The following chemicals were incorporated from HBN research:

  • 127-54-8 Bisphenol G
  • 13595-25-0 Bisphenol M
  • 129188-99-4 Bisphenol TMC
  • 599-64-4 2-PHENYL-2-(4-HYDROXYPHENYL)PROPANE
other 29 0
Bisphenol A (BPA)-based chemicals and polymers complete

This compound group is a curated selection of compounds in the Pharos database whose names include Bisphenol A.

148 0
Bisphenols in GSPI's 6 Classes in progress

The list of chemicals in this compound group was provided by Green Science Policy Institute staff as part of their Six Classes program, https://www.sixclasses.org/.

18 2
Bitumens in progress

This compound group is defined based on IARC Monograph 103 at https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono103.pdf.

"This monograph concerns only bitumens produced by petroleum refining and not naturally ocurring bitumens. Thus the term "bitumens", as used in this volume, refers to the products derived from residues resulting from vacuum distillation of selected petroleum crude oils."

11 4
Bitumens (MAK list) incomplete

This groups is populated from chemicals in the MAK list.

other 5 6
Blasticidin-S, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 1
BORON COMPOUNDS incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[B]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 235 3
Brominated and chlorinated organic compounds used as flame retardants - Biomonitoring CA incomplete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

functional use 0 0
BROMINATED FLAME RETARDANTS (BFR) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. functional use 176 10
Brominated Organic Compounds incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C[Br]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. structure 875 0
Bromofluorocarbons incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 4 1
Bromoxynil salts incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=C(C=C(C(=C1Br)O)Br)C#N'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 1 2
Brompheniramine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Butanilicaine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Butopiprine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Butyl phenols incomplete

Populated from Swedish EPA

http://webapps.kemi.se/flodesanalyser/

other 58 1
Butylbenzyl phthalate and metabolite incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
Butyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is populated by its subgroups.

structure 165 8
CADMIUM COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Cd]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 464 38
Cadmium compounds, inorganic in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Cd]' and subsequently filtered to remove substances containing '[C]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 163 41
Cadmium Compounds, Soluble incomplete

This compound group is populated from Table 1-1 of NTP Report on Carcinogens 1997 Background Document for Cadmium at https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/newhomeroc/other_background/cadmium_508.pdf.

other 5 39
cadmium compounds, with the exception of cadmium sulphoselenide, reaction of cadmium sulphide with zinc sulphide, reaction of cadmium sulphide with mercury sulphide, and those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals listed.

340 43
Caramiphen and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Carboxylic acids (higher fatty acids) barium salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
Cartap, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 4
CCRIS 33 and 28 incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 2
cellulases with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 0
Cephaeline and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Certain Phthalates (OSPAR) incomplete

DBP and DEHP were added to the OSPAR List of Chemicals for Priority Action in 1998 as part of the group “certain phthalates”. https://www.ospar.org/documents?v=7028

fixed list 4 12
Chloramine T and related compounds, Tosylchloramide sodium (INN) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Chlordimeform, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 4
Chloric acid, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 3
Chlorinated Alkanes (C10-20, Environment Canada) aka Chlorinated Paraffins incomplete

This compound group is chlorinated alkanes that have the molecular formula CnHxCl(2n+2–x) in which 10 ≤ n ≤ 20 (definition used by Environment Canada).

other 9 5
Chlorinated biphenyl oxides incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 1 1
CHLORINATED FLAME RETARDANTS (CFRs) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

functional use 36 8
Chlorinated Organic Compounds incomplete This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C[Cl]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. structure 3650 0
CHLORINATED PARAFFINS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 91 4
CHLORINATED POLYMERS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 15 1
Chlormethine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Chloroalkyl ethers incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
chloroanilines with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 complete

This compound group is composed of the 5 isomers not explicitly included in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP Regulation). Total number of isomers: monochloroanilines (3 isomers), dichloroanilines (6 isomers), trichloroanilines (6 isomers), tetrachloroanilines (3 isomers) and pentachloroaniline (1 isomer). 

  • 3,4-dichloroaniline
  • 3,5-dichloroaniline
  • 2,3,5-trichloroaniline
  • 2,3,6-trichloroaniline
  • 2,3,4,6-tetrachloroaniline

The following isomers are not included, because they are listed in the Annex as of 7/9/19:

fixed list 5 6
Chlorobenzenes (1-6 Chlorines) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 20 6
Chlorobiphenyls that have the molecular formula C12H(10-n)Cln in which "n" is greater than 2 incomplete

This group is populated by taking the POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs) group and removing members with 2 chlorine atoms.

217 30
Chloroethanes incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 2
CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS (CFC) incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

A structural search would require eliminating compounds containing carbon-hydrogen bonds, which is challenging.

other 25 3
chloronitroanilines incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 1 0
chloronitroanilines with the exception of those specified elsewhere in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

0 6
CHLOROPHENOLS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 30 4
Chloroplatinates incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

structure 5 1
Chlorprothixene and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Choline salts and their esters incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 2 1
Chromic acid, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 2 5
Chromium (VI) compounds, with the exception of barium chromate and of compounds specified elsewhere in Annex VI to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 incomplete

This compound group is populated by taking the more general compound group and subtracting the chemicals found in the relevent Annex.

69 41
Chromium Compounds incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Cr]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

element 463 0
Cinchocaine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Cinchophen, its salts, derivatives and salts of these derivatives incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 2 1
Clarified oils (petroleum), Heavy Fuel oils incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Coal distillates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 6 1
Coal liquids, liquid solvent extraction and solution incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 3 1
Coal tar distillates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 25 2
Coal tar pitch volatiles (coal tar products) incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
Coal tars, coal tar pitches, coal tar oils incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 12 4
COBALT COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string '[Co]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. element 486 21
Cobalt nickel compounds incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 4 1
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate (and other soluble cobalt(II) salts) incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Cobalt-Tungsten Carbide Powders and Hard Metals incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

0 1
Colchicine, its salts and derivatives incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Colchicoside and its derivatives incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Colouring agent CI 12075 incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Compounds Potentially Degrading to PFOS incomplete

List extracted from Annex 1 of 

Dossier prepared in support for a nomination of PFOS to the UN-ECE LRTAP Protocol and the Stockholm Convention

The dossier is prepared by the Swedish Chemicals Inspectorate (KemI) and the Swedish EPA, Sweden August 2004

fixed list 94 7
Conjugated estrogens incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
Copper compounds incomplete

This compound group is populated with copper metal, and a limited number of copper salts and alloys.

element 7 4
CREOSOTE COMPOUNDS incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 10 3
Creosote oil and creosote oil acenaphthene fractions and distillates incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 5 1
Cresol isomers complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
Crimidine, salts incomplete

This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition.

other 0 1
CRYSTALLINE SILICAS - RESPIRABLE incomplete

The various forms of crystalline silica are: α-quartz, β-quartz, α-tridymite, β-tridymite, α-cristobalite, β-cristobalite, keatite, coesite, stishovite, and moganite. NIOSH (2002)....Keatite, coesite, stishovite, and moganite are rarely found in nature. The most commonly occurring polymorphs are quartz, cristobalite and tridymite, which are found in rocks and soil. 

NIOSH Hazard Review: Health Effects of Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica (DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2002–129). Cincinnati, OH, 145 pp.

From https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK304370/#

other 8 7
CYANIDE COMPOUNDS complete

This compound group includes both commercially relevant compounds such as Hydrogen Cyanide, Sodium Cyanide, Potassium Cyanide, and Calcium Cyanide, as well as cyanide salts that are less common. 

structure 34 8
Cyclic, branched or linear completely fluorinated alkanes incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 7
Cyclic, branched or linear completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 7
Cyclic, branched, or linear completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations incomplete

This group hasn't been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 7
Cyclizine and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Cyclocyloxanes - Biomonitoring CA complete

This group is populated from the list at https://biomonitoring.ca.gov/chemicals

fixed list 3 0
Cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic anhydrides incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1CCC2C(C1)C(=O)OC2=O'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 3 1
Cyclomenol and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Cyclophosphamide and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Decamethonium bromide incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Dextromethorphan and its salts incomplete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. structure 1 1
Di-isodecyl phthalate and metabolite complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 4 1
Di-n-Octyl Phthalate and metabolites complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Diazonium salts incomplete

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C=[N+]=[N-]'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

other 602 1
Dibenzanthracenes incomplete

This group has not been assigned a structural definition yet.

0 2
DIBENZOFURAN COMPOUNDS in progress This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'C1=CC=C2C(=C1)C3=CC=CC=C3O2'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system. other 19 0
Dibutyl phthalate and metabolites complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 2 1
Dibutyltin compounds in progress

This compound group is defined by the SMILES string 'CCCC[Sn]CCCC.CCCC[Sn]CCCC'. For more information on SMILES, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_molecular-input_line-entry_system.

structure 41 12
Dichlorobenzenes complete This compound group has not yet been assigned a structural definition. other 5 6