Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Water Pipe
Common Product
MasterFormat 22 11 16 Domestic Water Piping

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2021.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes can be used in a wide variety of applications such as transportation of drinking water, drainage, and above and below ground sprinkler systems. Because they are made from plastic, they are resistant to corrosion and...

More about Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Water Pipe

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes can be used in a wide variety of applications such as transportation of drinking water, drainage, and above and below ground sprinkler systems. Because they are made from plastic, they are resistant to corrosion and accumulation of mineral deposits. They can also withstand temperatures up to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. They are lightweight compared to metal pipes, so they also require less energy to transport. Because the pipes are rigid, they do not require a plasticizer. PVC pipes range in size from 0.5 to 24 inches and vary in wall thickness depending on their pressure rating. In the United States, plumbing codes require a minimum pressure rating of 160 psi at 73.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

This Common Product focuses on PVC pipes used for potable water. Relevant standards include NSF/ANSI 14, 61, and 372 which set physical performance requirements for plastic pipes, allowable levels of contaminants in drinking water, and limit the total allowable lead content in drinking water components. PVC pipe fittings are generally joined by elastomeric sealing connections or solvent cementing. For some applications a primer is required. These additional materials used in installation may introduce additional hazards not considered by this Common Product. Some chemicals may leach from PVC pipes into water during use. See the Process Chemistry tab for leachants that were identified in our research. 

Name % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
90.30% Polymer Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
4.75% Filler Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
2.18% Pigment Subscribe to view
Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, oxidized
68153-22-0
1.06% Lubricant Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
0.67% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
ethene, homopolymer, oxidized
68441-17-8
0.55% Lubricant Subscribe to view
DIMETHYLTIN BIS(2-ETHY1HEXYL MERCAPTOACETATE)
57583-35-4
0.51% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Vinyl chloride
75-01-4
<0.01% Residual Monomer Subscribe to view
Name % Wt Part % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
90.30% 90.30% Polymer Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
4.75% 4.75% Filler Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
2.18% 2.18% Pigment Subscribe to view
Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, oxidized
68153-22-0
1.06% 1.06% Lubricant Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
0.67% 0.67% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
ethene, homopolymer, oxidized
68441-17-8
0.55% 0.55% Lubricant Subscribe to view
DIMETHYLTIN BIS(2-ETHY1HEXYL MERCAPTOACETATE)
57583-35-4
0.51% 0.51% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Vinyl chloride
75-01-4
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Monomer Subscribe to view

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Known or Potential Residuals
Known or Potential Residuals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GS SCORE TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCE
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Other Process Chemicals
CASRN NAME GS Score TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCES
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HBN Resources (8)
HBN Resources for Product
TYPE TITLE
Report Chlorine & Building Materials Project: Phase 1 Africa, The Americas, and Europe
Report Environmental Impacts of Polyvinyl Chloride Building Materials
Report Chlorine & Building Materials Project: Phase 2 Asia Including Worldwide Findings
Report Healthy Environments: What's New (and What's Not) With PVC
Tool HBN's Transformation Targets: A Framework for Driving Market Change
Report A Cheat Sheet for Decoding Vinyl Product Literature
Specification HomeFree General Spec Guidance
Tool Water Pipes Hazard Spectrum
Sources
Sources for Common Product Data
Source Uploaded Document Linked Document
Adams 2011
Advastab TM-3412
Advastab TM-694
Advastab TM-696
Akcrostab T-5313
ASTM D1784
Charlotte PVC Pipe SDS
CN100393795C
Doverphos 6
Doverphos 8
DuraBlue Specs
Epolene SDS
Faust 2017
Fristachi 2009
Galta Mixed Stabilizers
Galta Organotin Stabilizers
HYDROBRITE PVC Oil SDS
IPS BE
IPS PVC Pipe Spec Sheet
Kowalska 2011
Mark 1925 Polymer Additives
NAPCO Spec Sheet
Natioanl Pipe and Plastics MSDS
Norac XL-65A
NPDWR 117-81-7
NPDWR 7440-36-0
NPDWR 75-01-4
NPDWR Proposed Lead and Copper Rule Revisions
NSF Plastic Pipe Certification
NSF-ANSI 372 Technical Requirements
NSF-ANSI 61
Plastics Additives
Plastistrength 530
PPFA PVC Pipe Recycling
PPFA Spec Sheet
PPI TR-2 2020
PPI TR-7 2014
Puretol PSO 550 SDS
PVC4Pipes
Reagens PVC Stabilizers
Rheogistics Additives
Rheolub RL-720
Sasolwax B52 SDS
Skjevrak
Synertive RX-165 SDS
Thermolite 130
TIB KAT 214
TIB KAT 214 TDS
Tin Chemicals Roadmap 2015
Tomboulian
Uni-Bell EPD (2015)
USEPA NPDWR
USEPA Vinyl Chloride
WHO VCM in Drinking Water
Wiesenthal 2007
Xu 2019