02 42 19 Recycling of Construction Materials
This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2020.
Post-consumer paper and paperboard waste takes multiple forms, including corrugated cardboard, paperboard containers (for food contact and non-food contact uses), office paper, junk mail, newsprint, etc. When recycled, these streams are typically...
Post-consumer paper and paperboard waste takes multiple forms, including corrugated cardboard, paperboard containers (for food contact and non-food contact uses), office paper, junk mail, newsprint, etc. When recycled, these streams are typically separated based on grade and how they are recycled. This Common Product considers corrugated cardboard which sometimes includes paperboard containers and kraft paper. Many cardboard and other paperboard products have been made from previously recycled materials, such as office paper, newspaper, mixed paper, paperboard, and cardboard so may contain chemicals found in all these types of products to different degrees. Paperboard products contain cellulose fiber, processing aids, and other additives, such as adhesives, inks, and coatings. Because paper and board are prone to absorbing chemicals, contaminants may also be introduced during use or waste management. Contents listed below are annotated in the "notes" with likely sources for the chemicals identified. According to the U.S. EPA, in 2018, 68.2% of the paper and paperboard waste generated in the U.S. was recycled. This amounts to 45.97 million tons of material. Corrugated boxes have some of the highest recycling rates of all materials in municipal solid waste. Food contact paperboard may make up a small percentage of this recycling stream, including items such as pizza boxes and paperboard boxes in contact with dry food like pasta. The FDA permits thousands of additives for use in food contact paper and paperboard products. For a full list of these additives see the FDA's list of substances allowed in paper and paperboard products, including those chemicals generally recognized as safe here and here. This Common Product describes substances identified as commonly present in corrugated cardboard or paperboard and/or found in tests of post-consumer corrugated cardboard, paperboard, or paper (since recycled paper can be used to make paperboard and corrugated cardboard). This is not a complete list of all the potential chemicals that may be found in this recycling stream. Potential chemicals of concern identified in this research include per- or polyfluoroaklyl substances (PFAS), orthophthalates, heavy metals, mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH), phenols (such as alkylphenols and bisphenols), and PCBs. Post-consumer paperboard may be recycled into new paperboard and can also be used to manufacture cellulose insulation and laminate materials.
Fluorinated Compounds in U.S. Fast Food Packaging - Supporting information
Food Packaging Forum-1
Food Packaging Forum-MOH Dossier
Food packaging in the circular economy: Overview of chemical safety aspects for commonly used materials
How to Recycle Corrugated Boxes
IFP-Mineral oil hydrocarbons
Incorporation of Post-Consumer Pizza Boxesin the Recovered Fiber Stream
Industry Guideline for the Compliance of Paper & Board Materials and Articles for Food Contact
Int J Mol Sci.
International Paper SDS
MaxPar TW 50 CAS
Migration of mineral oil, photoinitiators and plasticisers from recycled paperboard into dry foods: a study under controlled conditions
Occurrence of 2-phenylphenol in food paper packages
Paperboard - American Forest and Paper Association
Quantification of chemical contaminants in the paper and board fractions of municipal solid waste
Quantification of chemical contaminants in the paper and board fractions of municipal solid waste - Supplementary Materials
Quantification of chemical contaminants in the paper and board fractions ofmunicipal solid waste
Quantification of chemical contaminants in the paper and board fractions ofmunicipal solid waste - Supplementary Materials
State of Washington Dept of Ecology - Product Testing for PCBs
This is not necessarily representative of all possible content that may be found in this product type. It includes all of the potential content identified during the research process for this Common Product profile. All Content data goes beyond the most common chemicals and materials to provide a more comprehensive representation of what may be found in specific product types. It does not necessarily include all chemicals and materials that may be used by all manufacturers and should not be used as a replacement for a specific manufacturer's product disclosure.
What are Common Products?
A Common Product profile (CP) is a list of substances that are most commonly present in a product type (vinyl composition tile, for example) as delivered to building sites in North America. The profiles are not specific to any manufacturer.
CPs are organized by chemical function. Every substance in a product performs some function - for example, it thickens a paint, or gives a carpet resistance to stains. The CPs provide the most common substance serving each function in a given product type, the hazards these substances carry into a building project, and a general description of the product type. CPs are based upon a wide range of publicly available information, including product declarations, patents, and chemical suppliers' brochures that detail the functional uses of various additives.
For those wanting more than the most common chemical for each function, Pharos subscriptions provide access to the full catalog of possible ingredients that we’ve found may be in products. Where available, these are displayed in the All Contents tab.
The GreenScreen® for Safer Chemicals is a benchmarking system to rank the safety of chemicals on a 4 point hazard scale and encourage progress toward safer alternatives. Chemicals that have undergone a full GreenScreen assessment by Licensed GreenScreen Profilers are given a Benchmark score, which is the most authoritative. Chemicals that have been assessed using an automated comparison to hazard lists are given a List Translator score, which is less authoritative. Full GreenScreen assessments trump results from List Translator scoring.
GreenScreen Scores in order from highest concern to lowest concern are: