Post-consumer Flexible PVC (Multiple Streams)
Common Product
MasterFormat -none found-

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2020.

Plastic materials made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are widely used in the building industry, as well as in electronics and other consumer products. PVC can be classified as rigid or flexible. Flexible applications for PVC include floor coverings...

More about Post-consumer Flexible PVC (Multiple Streams)

Plastic materials made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are widely used in the building industry, as well as in electronics and other consumer products. PVC can be classified as rigid or flexible. Flexible applications for PVC include floor coverings, wire and cable insulation, synthetic leather, roofing membranes, wall coverings, and cover a wide array of consumer products. In order to make PVC flexible, plasticizers must be added to it. Other additives will vary by application but include flame retardants, stabilizers, and biocides. PVC can be chemically or mechanically recycled. Mechanical recycling is more common and does not remove additives. Consequently, the chemical composition of the recyclate will be similar to that of the material from which it originated. This Common Product covers post-consumer flexible PVC from non-specific recycled feedstocks. The US EPA reports that the useful life of PVC products is 20 to 50 years. As a result, this Common Product considers chemicals that have historically been used in different types of PVC products, as well as chemicals that are currently in use. 

Chemicals of concern that have historically been used in PVC include orthophthalate plasticizers and lead- and cadmium-based stabilizers. Previously it was common to use polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) flame retardants in cable and wire insulation in the United States. These were banned from production in the U.S. in 1979. In addition, waste containing PCBs at a concentration of 50 mg/kg (ppm) or more is considered to be hazardous under the Basel Convention. The Basel Convention is a multilateral agreement governing the trade of waste to which the U.S. is a signatory. It is intended to minimize the possibility of illegally handling or abandoning hazardous wastes. PVC feedstock from wire and cable insulation, or undefined and mixed sources may still be contaminated by PCBs present at concentrations lower than this. Because of the potential for post-consumer PVC to introduce legacy chemicals such as these and others, this Common Product reports all chemicals identified in our research and meeting our reporting criteria for common content. Some additional chemicals are listed in the All Contents. There are likely more chemicals that may be present in mixed PVC feedstock. 

Recycled PVC may be used in a variety of products. One of the top markets is in vinyl flooring, where PVC from multiple feedstocks may be used in the bottom layer of products and still allow these products to maintain performance requirements. Due to the concerns over legacy chemicals, however, some flooring manufacturers have placed strict guidelines on what type of post-consumer recycled PVC they incorporate into their products so that these chemicals may be avoided. Details can be found in the reports linked to in the resources tab.

Name % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
<87.50% Polymer Species Subscribe to view
Dialkyl(C7-11-branched and linear) Phthalate (DHNUP)
68515-42-4
<40.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIISOHEPTYL PHTHALATE (DIHP)
71888-89-6
<40.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DI-N-OCTYL PHTHALATE (DNOP)
117-84-0
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Diisononyl hexahydrophthalate
166412-78-8
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Dipropylene glycol dibenzoate
27138-31-4
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Diisononyl adipate
33703-08-1
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Acetyltributyl citrate
77-90-7
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Alkane (C10-C21) sulfonic acid phenyl esters
91082-17-6
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
GLYCERIDES, CASTOR-OIL MONO-, HYDROGENATED, ACETATES
736150-63-3
<35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Limestone
1317-65-3
<30.00% Filler Subscribe to view
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE (DEHP) (primary CASRN)
117-81-7
<30.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE (BBP)
85-68-7
<30.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Diphenyl cresyl phosphate
26444-49-5
<30.00% Flame Retardant/ Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Acetic acid ethenyl ester, polymer with carbon monoxide and ethene
26337-35-9
<24.51% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
<22.56% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIPROPYLHEPTYL PHTHALATE (DPHP)
53306-54-0
<11.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIISODECYL PHTHALATE (DIDP) (alternate CASRN is 68515-49-1)
26761-40-0
<11.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
25038-59-9
<10.30% Polymer Species Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
<10.21% Pigment Subscribe to view
Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate
115-96-8
<10.00% Flame Retardant/ Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)
84-74-2
<10.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Triacetin
102-76-1
<10.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Ceramic materials and wares, chemicals
66402-68-4
<5.00% Filler Subscribe to view
ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE
1309-64-4
<5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Molybdenum trioxide
1313-27-5
<5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Aluminum hydroxide, dried
21645-51-2
<5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethyhexyl) tetrabromophthalate
26040-51-7
<5.00% Flame Retardant/ Plasticizer Subscribe to view
AMMONIUM OCTAMOLYBDATE
12411-64-2
<5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Zeolites
1318-02-1
<1.40% Subscribe to view
Magnesium aluminum hydroxide carbonate
11097-59-9
<1.40% Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
<0.90% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
<0.85% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Tris(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate
3319-31-1
<5.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Chromium Compounds
<5.00% Pigment Subscribe to view
Iron, elemental
7439-89-6
<4.46% Metal Subscribe to view
SHORT CHAIN CHLORINATED PARAFFINS (SCCP), C10-13
85535-84-8
<3.40% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
MEDIUM-CHAIN CHLORINATED PARAFFINS (MCCP) - ALKANES, C14-17, CHLORO
85535-85-9
<3.40% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-di-tert-pentylphenol
25973-55-1
<3.00% UV Stabilizer Subscribe to view
NONYLPHENOL PHOSPHITE (3:1)
26523-78-4
<3.00% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Dibutyltin dilaurate
77-58-7
<3.00% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
TRIPHENYL PHOSPHITE
101-02-0
<1.68% phosphite antioxidant Subscribe to view
HEXANOIC ACID, 2-ETHYL-, BARIUM SALT (2:1)
2457-01-4
<0.56% stabilizer barium compound Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
<0.42% stabilizer zinc compound Subscribe to view
CADMIUM COMPOUNDS
<2.50% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Epoxidized soybean oil
8013-07-8
<2.45% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Lead oxide sulfate (Pb4O3(SO4))
12202-17-4
<1.80% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
STRONTIUM
7440-24-6
<1.72% Metal Subscribe to view
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP-1, mixture of isomers as manufactured)
68515-48-0
<1.60% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Phenoxarsine oxide
58-36-6
<1.00% Biocide Subscribe to view
Zinc borate
1332-07-6
<1.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Boric acid
10043-35-3
<1.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Dibasic lead phthalate
17976-43-1
<1.00% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Dimethoxyethyl phthalate (DEMP)
117-82-8
<1.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Stearic acid
57-11-4
<1.00% Lubricant Subscribe to view
BARIUM DISTEARATE
6865-35-6
<1.00% Lubricant Subscribe to view
Triclosan
3380-34-5
<1.00% Antimicrobial Pesticide Subscribe to view
ethene, homopolymer, oxidized
68441-17-8
<0.52% Lubricant Subscribe to view
Urethane Acrylic Polymer
<0.34% Polymer Species Subscribe to view  
Hydrocinnamic acid, 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-, octadecyl ester
2082-79-3
<0.29% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Butanedioic acid, 1,4-dimethyl ester, polymer with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidineethanol
65447-77-0
<0.25% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Copper
7440-50-8
<0.23% Metal Subscribe to view
DIISOBUTYL PHTHALATE (DIBP)
84-69-5
<0.20% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Bisphenol A
80-05-7
<0.20% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Octhilinone
26530-20-1
<0.11% Biocide Subscribe to view
Manganese
7439-96-5
<0.08% Metal Subscribe to view
RUBIDIUM
7440-17-7
<0.06% Metal Subscribe to view
Arsenic
7440-38-2
<0.05% Metal Subscribe to view
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
<0.04% Abrasion Resistance Subscribe to view
Gold
7440-57-5
<0.03% Metal Subscribe to view
SILICA GEL
112926-00-8
<0.01% Flattening Agent/ Matting Agent Subscribe to view
Bismuth, elemental
7440-69-9
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
<0.01% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
acrylated polydimethylsiloxane
125455-52-9
<0.01% Surfactant Subscribe to view
DECAMETHYLCYCLOPENTASILOXANE (D5)
541-02-6
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Name % Wt Part % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
<87.50% <87.50% Polymer Species Subscribe to view
Dialkyl(C7-11-branched and linear) Phthalate (DHNUP)
68515-42-4
<40.00% <40.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIISOHEPTYL PHTHALATE (DIHP)
71888-89-6
<40.00% <40.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DI-N-OCTYL PHTHALATE (DNOP)
117-84-0
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Diisononyl hexahydrophthalate
166412-78-8
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Dipropylene glycol dibenzoate
27138-31-4
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Diisononyl adipate
33703-08-1
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Acetyltributyl citrate
77-90-7
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Alkane (C10-C21) sulfonic acid phenyl esters
91082-17-6
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
GLYCERIDES, CASTOR-OIL MONO-, HYDROGENATED, ACETATES
736150-63-3
<35.00% <35.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Limestone
1317-65-3
<30.00% <30.00% Filler Subscribe to view
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE (DEHP) (primary CASRN)
117-81-7
<30.00% <30.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE (BBP)
85-68-7
<30.00% <30.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Diphenyl cresyl phosphate
26444-49-5
<30.00% <30.00% Flame Retardant/ Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Acetic acid ethenyl ester, polymer with carbon monoxide and ethene
26337-35-9
<24.51% <24.51% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
<22.56% <22.56% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIPROPYLHEPTYL PHTHALATE (DPHP)
53306-54-0
<11.00% <11.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIISODECYL PHTHALATE (DIDP) (alternate CASRN is 68515-49-1)
26761-40-0
<11.00% <11.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
25038-59-9
<10.30% <10.30% Polymer Species Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
<10.21% <10.21% Pigment Subscribe to view
Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate
115-96-8
<10.00% <10.00% Flame Retardant/ Plasticizer Subscribe to view
DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)
84-74-2
<10.00% <10.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Triacetin
102-76-1
<10.00% <10.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Ceramic materials and wares, chemicals
66402-68-4
<5.00% <5.00% Filler Subscribe to view
ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE
1309-64-4
<5.00% <5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Molybdenum trioxide
1313-27-5
<5.00% <5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Aluminum hydroxide, dried
21645-51-2
<5.00% <5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethyhexyl) tetrabromophthalate
26040-51-7
<5.00% <5.00% Flame Retardant/ Plasticizer Subscribe to view
AMMONIUM OCTAMOLYBDATE
12411-64-2
<5.00% <5.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Calcium Zinc Compound
<5.00% <5.00% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view  
Hydrotalcite/Zeolite
56.00% <2.80% acid absorber Subscribe to view
Zeolites
1318-02-1
50.00% <1.40% Subscribe to view
Magnesium aluminum hydroxide carbonate
11097-59-9
50.00% <1.40% Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
18.00% <0.90% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
17.00% <0.85% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Tris(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate
3319-31-1
<5.00% <5.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Chromium Compounds
<5.00% <5.00% Pigment Subscribe to view
Iron, elemental
7439-89-6
<4.46% <4.46% Metal Subscribe to view
SHORT CHAIN CHLORINATED PARAFFINS (SCCP), C10-13
85535-84-8
<3.40% <3.40% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
MEDIUM-CHAIN CHLORINATED PARAFFINS (MCCP) - ALKANES, C14-17, CHLORO
85535-85-9
<3.40% <3.40% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-di-tert-pentylphenol
25973-55-1
<3.00% <3.00% UV Stabilizer Subscribe to view
NONYLPHENOL PHOSPHITE (3:1)
26523-78-4
<3.00% <3.00% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Dibutyltin dilaurate
77-58-7
<3.00% <3.00% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Barium Zinc Stabilizer in PVC
<2.66% <2.66% Stabilizer Subscribe to view  
TRIPHENYL PHOSPHITE
101-02-0
63.16% <1.68% phosphite antioxidant Subscribe to view
HEXANOIC ACID, 2-ETHYL-, BARIUM SALT (2:1)
2457-01-4
21.05% <0.56% stabilizer barium compound Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
15.79% <0.42% stabilizer zinc compound Subscribe to view
CADMIUM COMPOUNDS
<2.50% <2.50% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Epoxidized soybean oil
8013-07-8
<2.45% <2.45% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Lead oxide sulfate (Pb4O3(SO4))
12202-17-4
<1.80% <1.80% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
STRONTIUM
7440-24-6
<1.72% <1.72% Metal Subscribe to view
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP-1, mixture of isomers as manufactured)
68515-48-0
<1.60% <1.60% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Phenoxarsine oxide
58-36-6
<1.00% <1.00% Biocide Subscribe to view
Zinc borate
1332-07-6
<1.00% <1.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Boric acid
10043-35-3
<1.00% <1.00% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Dibasic lead phthalate
17976-43-1
<1.00% <1.00% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Dimethoxyethyl phthalate (DEMP)
117-82-8
<1.00% <1.00% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Stearic acid
57-11-4
<1.00% <1.00% Lubricant Subscribe to view
BARIUM DISTEARATE
6865-35-6
<1.00% <1.00% Lubricant Subscribe to view
Triclosan
3380-34-5
<1.00% <1.00% Antimicrobial Pesticide Subscribe to view
ethene, homopolymer, oxidized
68441-17-8
<0.52% <0.52% Lubricant Subscribe to view
Urethane Acrylic Polymer
<0.34% <0.34% Polymer Species Subscribe to view  
Hydrocinnamic acid, 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxy-, octadecyl ester
2082-79-3
<0.29% <0.29% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Butanedioic acid, 1,4-dimethyl ester, polymer with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidineethanol
65447-77-0
<0.25% <0.25% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Copper
7440-50-8
<0.23% <0.23% Metal Subscribe to view
DIISOBUTYL PHTHALATE (DIBP)
84-69-5
<0.20% <0.20% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Bisphenol A
80-05-7
<0.20% <0.20% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Octhilinone
26530-20-1
<0.11% <0.11% Biocide Subscribe to view
Manganese
7439-96-5
<0.08% <0.08% Metal Subscribe to view
RUBIDIUM
7440-17-7
<0.06% <0.06% Metal Subscribe to view
Arsenic
7440-38-2
<0.05% <0.05% Metal Subscribe to view
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
<0.04% <0.04% Abrasion Resistance Subscribe to view
Gold
7440-57-5
<0.03% <0.03% Metal Subscribe to view
SILICA GEL
112926-00-8
<0.01% <0.01% Flattening Agent/ Matting Agent Subscribe to view
Bismuth, elemental
7440-69-9
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
<0.01% <0.01% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
acrylated polydimethylsiloxane
125455-52-9
<0.01% <0.01% Surfactant Subscribe to view
DECAMETHYLCYCLOPENTASILOXANE (D5)
541-02-6
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view

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Known or Potential Residuals
Known or Potential Residuals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GS SCORE TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCE
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Other Process Chemicals
CASRN NAME GS Score TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCES
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HBN Resources (13)
HBN Resources for Product
TYPE TITLE
Report Chlorine & Building Materials Project: Phase 1 Africa, The Americas, and Europe
Report Resilient Flooring & Chemical Hazards: A Comparative Analysis of Vinyl and Other Alternatives for Health Care
Report Chlorine & Building Materials Project: Phase 2 Asia Including Worldwide Findings
Report Healthy Environments: What's New (and What's Not) With PVC
Report Post-Consumer Polyvinyl Chloride in Building Products
Report Phthalate-free Plasticizers in PVC
Report Optimizing Recycling: Criteria for Comparing and Improving Recycled Feedstocks in Building Products
Report To Increase The Use Of Recycled Content In Building Products: Reduce Health Hazards & Improve Feedstock Quality
Tool Flooring Hazard Spectrum
Article "Tens of Millions of Pounds of Phthalates Annually Eliminated from Vinyl Flooring"
Course HomeFree Online Course: Selecting Healthier Flooring with HomeFree
Specification HomeFree Flooring Specifications
Course Webinar: Selecting Healthier Flooring with HomeFree
Sources
Sources for Common Product Data
Source Uploaded Document Linked Document
A-C 307 MSDS
ACC letter to CPSC 2009
Advawax 280 MSDS
AFI US20180327606A1
AKCROSTAB BZ-4929DC MSDS
Alvinox 176 TDS
American Chemistry Council letter to CPSC re: phthalates (2009)
Armstrong
Armstrong 2010
Armstrong Patent 3
Barium Zinc and Related Stabilizers
Basel Convention PCBs
BASF Additives for Specialty Polymers
Bespoke Wall HPD
BNX 1076 TDS
Boa-Franc Toronto HPD
CECBP 2008
CELEX 02019R1021-20200907 EN TXT.
CFFA SPPR PVC membrane EPD
Chimassorb 2020 TDS
Chimassorb 81 MSDS
Chimassorb 944 TDS
Ciba Tinuvin 213 TDS
Congoleum Silver
Cooley Group 2014
CoolGuard HRL36 TDS
CPSC 2010
Cruz et al 2009
Danish EPA - DEHP - Phthalates in PVC
Denmark
DiMaio 2010
Discarded
Duro Last What is KEE
Duro-Last 60 mil Membrane PDS
Duro-Last EV 60 mil PDS
Duro-Last Membrane MSDS
Eastman
EC Mechanical Recycling of PVC wastes
ECHA DEHP Alternatives Analysis
ECHA Plastics Additives
Elvaloy 4924 MSDS 2015
Elvaloy 4924 TDS
Elvaloy 741 MSDS 2012
Elvaloy 741 MSDS 2015
Elvaloy 741 TDS
Elvaloy 742 MSDS 2011
Elvaloy 742 MSDS 2015
Elvaloy 742 TDS
Elvaloy KEE brochure
EPA 2008
EPA 2008
EPA 744-R-08-001
EPA Cadmium
EPA PCB Press Release
EPA PCBs
EPA-HQ-OPPT-2010-0573-0078
EU DEHP Risk Assessment
EverGuard EPD
EverGuard PVC #1094 MSDS
EverGuard PVC #2000 MSDS
EverGuard PVC #2199 MSDS
EverGuard PVC 50 mil TDS
EverGuard PVC Brochure
EverGuard PVC Fleece-back EcoScorecard
Everguard PVC MSDS
EverGuard PVC Smooth EcoScorecard
EverGuard PVC XK 50 mil TDS
EverGuard PVC XK Fleeceback 60 mil TDS
EverGuard TPO/PVC Manual
Factbook
FiberTite 36 mil PDS
FiberTite FB 36 mil PDS
Fibertite MSDS
FiberTite vs PVC
Firestone 1993
FleeceBACK PVC FRS Membrane PDS
FleeceBACK PVC KEE HP FRS Membrane PDS
Flex FB 45 Elvaloy KEE Roof Membrane PDS
Flex FB 60 PVC Roof Membrane PDS
Flex MF/R 45 Elvaloy KEE Roof Membrane PDS
Flex MF/R 60 PVC Roof Membrane PDS
Foley et al
Forbo
Galata Chemical Mixed Metal Stabilizers Guide