Synthetic Turf (Tufted Polyolefin Backing, Crumb Rubber + Sand Infill)
Common Product
MasterFormat 02 42 19.95 Tire, Rubber Recycling; 32 18 13 Synthetic Grass Surfacing; 32 18 16 Synthetic Resilient Surfacing; 32 18 23 Athletic Surfacing; 32 18 23.29 Synthetic Field Sport Surfacing

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2020.

Synthetic turf can be used as a replacement for natural grass for landscaping and athletic field surfaces. Its composition is similar to that of carpet. The artificial grass fibers are generally made from polyethylene, polypropylene, or nylon. The...

More about Synthetic Turf (Tufted Polyolefin Backing, Crumb Rubber + Sand Infill)

Synthetic turf can be used as a replacement for natural grass for landscaping and athletic field surfaces. Its composition is similar to that of carpet. The artificial grass fibers are generally made from polyethylene, polypropylene, or nylon. The fibers are either woven into or tufted through a mesh fabric backing. In the tufted method, fibers are secured in place with a secondary backing, or coating. Depending on performance requirements, additional backing layers can be applied to the secondary backing, but these are beyond the scope of this Common Product (CP). The secondary backing may have holes punched into it to allow for water drainage (perforated) or it may be composed of a woven geotextile backing that is melted onto the primary backing (non-perforated). This CP covers products intended for use in athletic fields with a perforated backing. 

Additional components may be added to the turf, such as a fiberglass scrim to reduce stretching, or creep, and shock absorbing underlayments. Though not covered by this CP, each additional component has potential to introduce additional hazards. Athletic fields also have a base system composed of materials such as crushed aggregate and a drainage system. These systems will vary depending on native soil conditions and are beyond the scope of this CP. 

Synthetic turf typically requires the use of infill materials, which are small granules that are added on top of the backing to keep the fibers upright, add weight, and provide cushioning. The amount of infill applied to the turf can vary from less than one lb/ft² to over nine lbs/ft². It is common to mix sand and other synthetic infills. Both the weight of infill and the mix ratio will vary by the application. This CP covers synthetic turf intended for athletic fields, containing infill weighing about 6 lbs/ft² and composed of 50% crumb rubber and 50% sand by weight. 

Synthetic turf panel seams are either glued or sewn together, or they may be attached using hook and loop fasteners. Adhesives used during installation may add additional hazards that are not covered by this CP. Likewise, this CP does not consider any treatments that are applied to the turf, which could add additional hazards. For example, optional biocide treatments are available to protect against mold, mildew, or algae. Outdoor surfaces would likely not require such a coating because exposure to sunlight would likely be sufficient to kill these microorganisms. None of the sources indicated that a stain resistant treatment was applied to the fibers, similar to the PFAS treatment typically seen in carpets, although one source sampled turf fiber and identified the presence of PFAS. PFAS can be used as an anti-stick agent in equipment used in the extrusion process for the fibers, so some residual PFAS may be present in turf fibers as a result.

Name % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Styrene Butadiene Rubber (Benzene, ethenyl-, polymer with 1,3-butadiene)
9003-55-8
<46.52% Polymer Subscribe to view
Natural rubber
9006-04-6
<18.61% Polymer Subscribe to view
Carbon black
1333-86-4
<18.61% Filler, Extender, Reinforcement Aid Subscribe to view
DISTILLATE AROMATIC EXTRACT
64742-04-7
<10.23% Process Oil Subscribe to view
Zinc oxide
1314-13-2
<2.79% Vulcanizing Agent Subscribe to view
Talc
14807-96-6
<2.33% Filler, Extender, Reinforcement Aid Subscribe to view
Zinc, elemental
7440-66-6
<1.16% Metal Subscribe to view
Sulfur, precipitated
7704-34-9
<0.47% Vulcanizing Agent Subscribe to view
Silicon, elemental
7440-21-3
<0.45% Metal Subscribe to view
Iron, elemental
7439-89-6
<0.34% Metal Subscribe to view
1,4-Benzenediamine, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl- (6PPD)
793-24-8
<0.13% Antiozonant, Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Aluminum
7429-90-5
<0.07% Metal Subscribe to view
Xylenes
1330-20-7
<0.05% VOC Subscribe to view
Toluene
108-88-3
<0.02% VOC Subscribe to view
Potassium
7440-09-7
<0.02% Metal Subscribe to view
Cobalt
7440-48-4
<0.02% Metal Subscribe to view
Magnesium
7439-95-4
<0.02% Metal Subscribe to view
Pyrene
129-00-0
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Sodium
7440-23-5
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Nylon-66
32131-17-2
<0.01% Fiber Subscribe to view
Benzothiazole
95-16-9
<0.01% Accelerator Subscribe to view
Lead
7439-92-1
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Copper
7440-50-8
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
BENZO[G,H,I]PERYLENE
191-24-2
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
FLUORANTHENE
206-44-0
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE (DEHP) (primary CASRN)
117-81-7
<0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
DIISOBUTYL PHTHALATE (DIBP)
84-69-5
<0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
4-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol
140-66-9
<0.01% Alkylphenol Subscribe to view
Manganese
7439-96-5
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
MERCURY
7439-97-6
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Nickel
7440-02-0
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
TIN
7440-31-5
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Arsenic
7440-38-2
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
BARIUM
7440-39-3
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Boron
7440-42-8
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
CADMIUM
7440-43-9
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Chromium
7440-47-3
<0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
ANTHRACENE
120-12-7
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO(E)PYRENE
192-97-2
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
193-39-5
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO[J]FLUORANTHENE
205-82-3
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO[B]FLUORANTHENE
205-99-2
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO[K]FLUORANTHENE
207-08-9
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
ACENAPHTHENE
83-32-9
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Chrysene
218-01-9
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Benzo(a)pyrene
50-32-8
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
DIBENZ[A,H]ANTHRACENE
53-70-3
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
PHENANTHRENE
85-01-8
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Fluorene
86-73-7
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
1-METHYLNAPHTHALENE
90-12-0
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
2-METHYLNAPHTHALENE
91-57-6
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Naphthalene
91-20-3
<0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)
84-74-2
<0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE (BBP)
85-68-7
<0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
Butylated hydroxytoluene
128-37-0
<0.01% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Aniline
62-53-3
<0.01% Anti-aging agent, antidegredant Subscribe to view
Mercaptobenzothiazole
149-30-4
<0.01% Accelerator Subscribe to view
FURFURAL
98-01-1
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Bisphenol A
80-05-7
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
isononylphenol
11066-49-2
<0.01% Alkylphenol Subscribe to view
p-tert-Butylphenol
98-54-4
<0.01% Alkylphenol Subscribe to view
DIISODECYL PHTHALATE (DIDP) (alternate CASRN is 68515-49-1)
26761-40-0
<0.01% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
46.06% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
0.23% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
0.12% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Iron oxide
1332-37-2
0.04% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Lime
1305-78-8
0.02% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Potassium oxide
12136-45-7
0.02% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Periclase (MgO)
1317-74-4
0.01% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Sodium oxide
1313-59-3
0.01% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Polyethylene
9002-88-4
3.63% Fiber Subscribe to view
Irgastat P
0.41% Anti-static Subscribe to view  
Bumetrizole
3896-11-5
0.02% UV Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Iron, elemental
7439-89-6
0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Zinc, elemental
7440-66-6
0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Aluminum
7429-90-5
0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite
31570-04-4
0.01% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Phthalocyanine Green
1328-53-6
<0.01% Pigment Subscribe to view
TIN
7440-31-5
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Lead
7439-92-1
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Manganese
7439-96-5
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Nickel
7440-02-0
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
BARIUM
7440-39-3
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Chromium
7440-47-3
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Cobalt
7440-48-4
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE (DEHP) (primary CASRN)
117-81-7
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP-1, mixture of isomers as manufactured)
68515-48-0
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
1.42% Filler Subscribe to view
Polyurethane Polymer
0.66% Polymer Species Subscribe to view  
Silicone L-5617
0.07% Surfactant Subscribe to view  
Polypropylene
9003-07-0
0.72% Polymer Species Subscribe to view
HALS-10
193098-40-7
<0.01% UV Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Irganox 1010
6683-19-8
<0.01% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Name % Wt Part % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
50% Crumb Rubber + 50% Sand Infill
93.03% 93.03% Infill Subscribe to view  
Tire-derived Crumb Rubber
50.00% 46.52% Infill Subscribe to view
Styrene Butadiene Rubber (Benzene, ethenyl-, polymer with 1,3-butadiene)
9003-55-8
<100.00% <46.52% Polymer Subscribe to view
Natural rubber
9006-04-6
<40.00% <18.61% Polymer Subscribe to view
Carbon black
1333-86-4
<40.00% <18.61% Filler, Extender, Reinforcement Aid Subscribe to view
DISTILLATE AROMATIC EXTRACT
64742-04-7
<22.00% <10.23% Process Oil Subscribe to view
Zinc oxide
1314-13-2
<6.00% <2.79% Vulcanizing Agent Subscribe to view
Talc
14807-96-6
<5.00% <2.33% Filler, Extender, Reinforcement Aid Subscribe to view
Zinc, elemental
7440-66-6
<2.50% <1.16% Metal Subscribe to view
Sulfur, precipitated
7704-34-9
<1.00% <0.47% Vulcanizing Agent Subscribe to view
Silicon, elemental
7440-21-3
<0.97% <0.45% Metal Subscribe to view
Iron, elemental
7439-89-6
<0.73% <0.34% Metal Subscribe to view
1,4-Benzenediamine, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl- (6PPD)
793-24-8
<0.29% <0.13% Antiozonant, Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Aluminum
7429-90-5
<0.15% <0.07% Metal Subscribe to view
Xylenes
1330-20-7
<0.10% <0.05% VOC Subscribe to view
Toluene
108-88-3
<0.05% <0.02% VOC Subscribe to view
Potassium
7440-09-7
<0.05% <0.02% Metal Subscribe to view
Cobalt
7440-48-4
<0.04% <0.02% Metal Subscribe to view
Magnesium
7439-95-4
<0.04% <0.02% Metal Subscribe to view
Pyrene
129-00-0
<0.03% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Sodium
7440-23-5
<0.03% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Nylon-66
32131-17-2
<0.01% <0.01% Fiber Subscribe to view
Benzothiazole
95-16-9
<0.01% <0.01% Accelerator Subscribe to view
Lead
7439-92-1
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Copper
7440-50-8
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
BENZO[G,H,I]PERYLENE
191-24-2
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
FLUORANTHENE
206-44-0
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE (DEHP) (primary CASRN)
117-81-7
<0.01% <0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
DIISOBUTYL PHTHALATE (DIBP)
84-69-5
<0.01% <0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
4-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol
140-66-9
<0.01% <0.01% Alkylphenol Subscribe to view
Manganese
7439-96-5
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
MERCURY
7439-97-6
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Nickel
7440-02-0
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
TIN
7440-31-5
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Arsenic
7440-38-2
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
BARIUM
7440-39-3
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Boron
7440-42-8
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
CADMIUM
7440-43-9
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
Chromium
7440-47-3
<0.01% <0.01% Metal Subscribe to view
ANTHRACENE
120-12-7
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO(E)PYRENE
192-97-2
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
193-39-5
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO[J]FLUORANTHENE
205-82-3
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO[B]FLUORANTHENE
205-99-2
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
BENZO[K]FLUORANTHENE
207-08-9
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
ACENAPHTHENE
83-32-9
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Chrysene
218-01-9
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Benzo(a)pyrene
50-32-8
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
DIBENZ[A,H]ANTHRACENE
53-70-3
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
PHENANTHRENE
85-01-8
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Fluorene
86-73-7
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
1-METHYLNAPHTHALENE
90-12-0
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
2-METHYLNAPHTHALENE
91-57-6
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
Naphthalene
91-20-3
<0.01% <0.01% PAH Subscribe to view
DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)
84-74-2
<0.01% <0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE (BBP)
85-68-7
<0.01% <0.01% Phthalate Subscribe to view
Butylated hydroxytoluene
128-37-0
<0.01% <0.01% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Aniline
62-53-3
<0.01% <0.01% Anti-aging agent, antidegredant Subscribe to view
Mercaptobenzothiazole
149-30-4
<0.01% <0.01% Accelerator Subscribe to view
FURFURAL
98-01-1
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Bisphenol A
80-05-7
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
isononylphenol
11066-49-2
<0.01% <0.01% Alkylphenol Subscribe to view
p-tert-Butylphenol
98-54-4
<0.01% <0.01% Alkylphenol Subscribe to view
DIISODECYL PHTHALATE (DIDP) (alternate CASRN is 68515-49-1)
26761-40-0
<0.01% <0.01% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
High Purity Silica Sand
50.00% 46.52% Infill Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
99.03% 46.06% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
0.49% 0.23% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
0.26% 0.12% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Iron oxide
1332-37-2
0.08% 0.04% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Lime
1305-78-8
0.05% 0.02% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Potassium oxide
12136-45-7
0.05% 0.02% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Periclase (MgO)
1317-74-4
0.03% 0.01% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Sodium oxide
1313-59-3
0.03% 0.01% Sand Component Subscribe to view
Synthetic Turf (Polyolefin fibers, tufted backing)
6.97% 6.97% Structure Component Subscribe to view  
Synthetic Turf Fibers
58.82% 4.10% Fiber Subscribe to view
Polyethylene
9002-88-4
88.61% 3.63% Fiber Subscribe to view
Irgastat P
9.90% 0.41% Anti-static Subscribe to view
Bumetrizole
3896-11-5
0.43% 0.02% UV Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Iron, elemental
7439-89-6
0.35% 0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Zinc, elemental
7440-66-6
0.32% 0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Aluminum
7429-90-5
0.17% 0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite
31570-04-4
0.13% 0.01% Antioxidant Subscribe to view
Phthalocyanine Green
1328-53-6
0.07% <0.01% Pigment Subscribe to view
TIN
7440-31-5
0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Lead
7439-92-1
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Manganese
7439-96-5
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Nickel
7440-02-0
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
BARIUM
7440-39-3
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Chromium
7440-47-3
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Cobalt
7440-48-4
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE (DEHP) (primary CASRN)
117-81-7
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP-1, mixture of isomers as manufactured)
68515-48-0
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Secondary Backing in Synthetic Turf
30.88% 2.15% Coating Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
65.84% 1.42% Filler Subscribe to view
Polyurethane Polymer
30.86% 0.66% Polymer Species Subscribe to view
Silicone L-5617
3.29% 0.07% Surfactant Subscribe to view