Multilayer Resilient Flooring (WPC)
Common Product
MasterFormat 09 65 00 Resilient Flooring; 09 65 19 Resilient Tile Flooring

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2019.

Multilayer resilient flooring planks and tiles are hard-surface flooring products composed of several layers. The number of layers can vary among products, but generally they consist of an LVT layer, a core layer, and an underlayment. The LVT...

More about Multilayer Resilient Flooring (WPC)

Multilayer resilient flooring planks and tiles are hard-surface flooring products composed of several layers. The number of layers can vary among products, but generally they consist of an LVT layer, a core layer, and an underlayment. The LVT layer is composed of a vinyl backing covered in a printed decorative layer under a transparent wear layer. A protective polyurethane coating is then applied to the wear layer. Sometimes there is no separate decorative layer and a design is printed directly on the wear layer. The LVT is layered on top of a composite, water-resistant core, which is then placed on top of an underlayment, such as cork, to provide cushioning and acoustic insulation. Products are divided into two broad categories, wood plastic composite (WPC) and stone plastic composite (SPC). Traditionally WPC floors contain polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and a plant-based filler like wood or cork dust, while SPC floors contain PVC and a mineral filler, such as calcium carbonate. However, many WPC floors no longer contain plant-based fillers and the primary distinction between WPC and SPC floors is that the former contains a lighter extruded or foamed polymer core, while the latter contains a solid denser core. Multilayered flooring products are marketed as alternatives to laminate flooring because they are waterproof. They also are an alternative to standard vinyl floors because less subfloor preparation is required. They expand and contract less than standard luxury vinyl tile (LVT), thus they can be installed over any hard surface. These products are floating floors so flooring adhesives are not typically required for installation. The edges of the rigid core are formed into a tongue and groove design that allows adjacent tiles to be attached to each other. This Common Product describes a light or neutral-colored WPC floor. Inks, dyes, and veneers will vary across products and could introduce additional hazards.

Name % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Limestone
1317-65-3
35.92% Filler Subscribe to view
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
12.67% Polymer Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
5.39% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Epoxidized soybean oil
8013-07-8
0.76% Stabilizer, Process Aid, Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.37% Impurity Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
0.32% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Magnesium aluminum hydroxide carbonate
11097-59-9
0.28% Acid Absorber Subscribe to view
Zeolites
1318-02-1
0.28% Acid Absorber Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
0.13% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
0.11% Pigment Subscribe to view
Urethane Acrylic Polymer
0.17% Polymer Subscribe to view  
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
0.01% Abrasion Resistance Subscribe to view
SILICA GEL
112926-00-8
<0.01% Flattening Agent/ Matting Agent Subscribe to view
acrylated polydimethylsiloxane
125455-52-9
<0.01% Surfactant Subscribe to view
DECAMETHYLCYCLOPENTASILOXANE (D5)
541-02-6
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
21.33% Polymer Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
6.80% Filler Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
1.71% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
1,1'-Azobis(formamide)
123-77-3
1.25% Blowing Agent Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
0.37% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
0.17% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Sodium bicarbonate
144-55-8
0.11% Blowing Agent Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.07% Impurity Subscribe to view
Quercus suber bark – CORK
61789-98-8
9.04% Filler Subscribe to view
1,2-Ethanediol, polymer with 1,3-diisocyanatomethylbenzene
9072-91-7
1.29% Binder Subscribe to view
Petroleum resins
64742-16-1
0.66% Tackifier Subscribe to view
Styrene Butadiene Rubber (Benzene, ethenyl-, polymer with 1,3-butadiene)
9003-55-8
0.54% Adhesive Subscribe to view
HYDROTREATED HEAVY PARAFFINIC PETROLEUM DISTILLATES (MINERAL OIL)
64742-54-7
0.25% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Name % Wt Part % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT)
56.42% 56.42% Vinyl base, wear layer, and protective coating Subscribe to view  
Luxury Vinyl Tile Vinyl Base and Wear Layer
99.66% 56.23% Base & Wear Layer Subscribe to view
Limestone
1317-65-3
63.87% 35.92% Filler Subscribe to view
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
22.54% 12.67% Polymer Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
9.58% 5.39% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Epoxidized soybean oil
8013-07-8
1.35% 0.76% Stabilizer, Process Aid, Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.65% 0.37% Impurity Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
0.57% 0.32% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Magnesium aluminum hydroxide carbonate
11097-59-9
0.50% 0.28% Acid Absorber Subscribe to view
Zeolites
1318-02-1
0.50% 0.28% Acid Absorber Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
0.23% 0.13% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
0.20% 0.11% Pigment Subscribe to view
UV Cured Finish
0.34% 0.19% Finish Subscribe to view
Urethane Acrylic Polymer
90.95% 0.17% Polymer Subscribe to view
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
7.65% 0.01% Abrasion Resistance Subscribe to view
SILICA GEL
112926-00-8
1.05% <0.01% Flattening Agent/ Matting Agent Subscribe to view
acrylated polydimethylsiloxane
125455-52-9
0.35% <0.01% Surfactant Subscribe to view
DECAMETHYLCYCLOPENTASILOXANE (D5)
541-02-6
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) Core
31.80% 31.80% Rigid Core Subscribe to view  
Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
67.07% 21.33% Polymer Subscribe to view
Calcium carbonate
471-34-1
21.37% 6.80% Filler Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
5.38% 1.71% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
1,1'-Azobis(formamide)
123-77-3
3.92% 1.25% Blowing Agent Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
1.17% 0.37% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
0.54% 0.17% Stabilizer Subscribe to view
Sodium bicarbonate
144-55-8
0.35% 0.11% Blowing Agent Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.22% 0.07% Impurity Subscribe to view
Agglomerated Cork Sheet
10.33% 10.33% Cork Underlay Subscribe to view  
Quercus suber bark – CORK
61789-98-8
87.50% 9.04% Filler Subscribe to view
1,2-Ethanediol, polymer with 1,3-diisocyanatomethylbenzene
9072-91-7
12.50% 1.29% Binder Subscribe to view
Adhesive in Multilayer Resilient Flooring
1.46% 1.46% Adhesive Subscribe to view  
Petroleum resins
64742-16-1
45.70% 0.66% Tackifier Subscribe to view
Styrene Butadiene Rubber (Benzene, ethenyl-, polymer with 1,3-butadiene)
9003-55-8
37.11% 0.54% Adhesive Subscribe to view
HYDROTREATED HEAVY PARAFFINIC PETROLEUM DISTILLATES (MINERAL OIL)
64742-54-7
17.18% 0.25% Plasticizer Subscribe to view

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Known or Potential Residuals
Known or Potential Residuals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GS SCORE TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCE
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Other Process Chemicals
CASRN NAME GS Score TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCES
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Sources
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5025 Dolomite SDS
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American Biltrite LEED Matrix
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APC Cork SDS
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Arkema GPS SDS
Armstrong 2010
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Armstrong Patent 3
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EPA 2008
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FCI 20190118
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Guide to LVT
Halstab liquid stabilizer
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Hazmap 42978-66-5
Healthy Stuff Vinyl Tile Test Results 2015
HSDB 13048-33-4
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IGM Resins Product Guide
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Milliken LVT Declare
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MSHA
MTS blog Lumber Liquidators phase out
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Nature's Paths Specifications
NeoRad 3709 MSDS
Next Dimension US20190119929A1
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OEHHA 119-61-9
Omnistab LS 292
Parliment Floors
Parterre Loose Lay HPD
Patcraft LVT HPD
Patriot Sell Sheet
PEGDA 200
Photokinetic US8808863B2
Polymer Database UV Curable Resins
Polysciences Monomers
Praxis Solid Cork HPD
Provident Urban HPD
Quantum Guard HP
Radtech Report
Raw materials
Reactive Polymers Fundamentals Excerpt
RFCI LVT EPD
RFCI LVT EPD 2013
Sartomer
Savanna Tile TDS
Schierlmann 2009
ScufResist Platinum
Shaw Resilient Flooring 101 Session 1
Shaw US10024066B2
Sigma-Aldrich 7473-98-5
Signal blog CU phthalate testing
Silmer OH ACR Di-400 SDS
Silwet L-7200 MSDS
Sokol 1995
Specialty
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SR256 MSDS
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Srivastava 2008
SVT CSI Spec
Tandus Centiva 2015 LVT Product Guide
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Tarkett 2014 Registration Document
TEGO Rad 2500 SDS
TEGO Rad 2500 TDS
Teknoflor HPD
Ten Oaks Patent
Timeless Brochure
Traverse Flooring Phthalates
TRInternational Hydrocarbon Resins
UCECOAT 7655 MSDS
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Uptown WPC Plus TDS
US20040062937A1
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