PVC-free Resilient Flooring (Homogeneous)
This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2019.
Many PVC-free resilient flooring options have been introduced to the market, including those produced with different synthetic thermoplastic polymers. These can include polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene vinyl acetate, polyester, and...
Many PVC-free resilient flooring options have been introduced to the market, including those produced with different synthetic thermoplastic polymers. These can include polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene vinyl acetate, polyester, and thermoplastic polyurethane. Different polymers may pose different concerns in terms of residual catalysts or monomers in the finished product. This CP focuses on homogeneous floors in either sheet or tile form. Heterogeneous floors that have multiple layers are outside of the scope of this CP. Some heterogeneous floors may be of similar composition to those covered by this CP but with a printed layer which may contain dyes and paper or a polymer film. Others may have additional layers such as a fiberglass layer within the floor and/or a backing material.
Homogeneous synthetic thermoplastic resilient flooring is typically made of a binder (the polymer or combination of polymers), filler, colorants, and additional additives as well as a protective finish. Some products may contain alumina trihydrate as a filler and flame retardant. Many different pigments are used to achieve various color combinations and these pigments may bring with them additional hazards. Some products contain pre-consumer recycled content, likely from the limestone, which is sometimes designated as recycled content. Some may contain biobased content, typically at a low percentage of the overall product, less than 2%. Many of these products do not require additional finishes or polishing but some do; check specific product information.