Vinyl Composition Tile
Common Product
MasterFormat 09 65 00 Resilient Flooring

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2015.

Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT) is a rigid floor tile widely used in commercial flooring applications and in small amounts residentially. VCT is commonly available as a 12 in x 12 in (305 mm x 305 mm) 1/8 in thick tile. VCT is composed largely of...

More about Vinyl Composition Tile

Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT) is a rigid floor tile widely used in commercial flooring applications and in small amounts residentially. VCT is commonly available as a 12 in x 12 in (305 mm x 305 mm) 1/8 in thick tile. VCT is composed largely of limestone with smaller proportions of vinyl resins, plasticizer, stabilizers, and pigments. These ingredients are mixed, heated, formed into a sheet, cut into tiles, and finally cooled before packaging. VCT typically has a factory applied acrylic finish to protect it through installation. Once installed, additonal layers of acrylic finish are added. Due to the small proportion of this finish within the overall product as manufacturered, this component is not included in this CP. Historically, phthalate plasticizers were commonly used in VCT. However, recently the market has phased out the use of phthalate plasticizers, making their non-phthalate alternatives more widely prevalent. VCT commonly contains some recycled content, typically at least 1% wt. of the finished product. This content may be post-industrial recyclate coming from other industries, post-consumer coming from manufacturer recycling programs or both. One manufacturer discussed the use of both recycle streams, while two others disclosed their recyclate as post-consumer VCT. This CP assumes a controlled recycle stream from post-consumer VCT, which replaces a portion of the limestone filler. This content introduces at minimum some residual phthalates while other recyclate streams, especially third party PVC scrap, could introduce multiple other hazardous residuals.

Name % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Limestone
1317-65-3
82.34% Filler Subscribe to view
T Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
5.63% Polymer Subscribe to view
T Pevikon
9003-22-9
5.63% Polymer Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
3.96% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Recycled VCT
1.50% Filler Subscribe to view  
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
0.67% Pigment Subscribe to view
Zeolites
1318-02-1
0.08% Subscribe to view
Magnesium aluminum hydroxide carbonate
11097-59-9
0.08% Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
0.05% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
0.05% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Name % Wt Part % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Limestone
1317-65-3
82.34% 82.34% Filler Subscribe to view
T Polyvinyl chloride
9002-86-2
5.63% 5.63% Polymer Subscribe to view
T Pevikon
9003-22-9
5.63% 5.63% Polymer Subscribe to view
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate
6422-86-2
3.96% 3.96% Plasticizer Subscribe to view
Recycled VCT
1.50% 1.50% Filler Subscribe to view  
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
0.67% 0.67% Pigment Subscribe to view
Calcium Zinc Compound
0.27% 0.27% Heat Stabilizer Subscribe to view  
Hydrotalcite/Zeolite
56.00% 0.15% acid absorber Subscribe to view
Zeolites
1318-02-1
50.00% 0.08% Subscribe to view
Magnesium aluminum hydroxide carbonate
11097-59-9
50.00% 0.08% Subscribe to view
Calcium stearate
1592-23-0
18.00% 0.05% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view
Zinc stearate
557-05-1
17.00% 0.05% heat stabilizer Subscribe to view

Log in or create an account to view All Contents

Known or Potential Residuals
Known or Potential Residuals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GS SCORE TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCE
Log in or create an account to view Known or Potential Residuals
Other Process Chemicals
CASRN NAME GS Score TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCES
Log in or create an account to view Other Process Chemistry
HBN Resources (13)
HBN Resources for Product
TYPE TITLE
Report Full Disclosure Required: A Strategy to Prevent Asthma Through Building Product Selection
Report Asthmagens in Building Materials: The Problem & Solutions
Report Chlorine & Building Materials Project: Phase 1 Africa, The Americas, and Europe
Report Resilient Flooring & Chemical Hazards: A Comparative Analysis of Vinyl and Other Alternatives for Health Care
Report Environmental Impacts of Polyvinyl Chloride Building Materials
Report Chlorine & Building Materials Project: Phase 2 Asia Including Worldwide Findings
Report Healthy Environments: What's New (and What's Not) With PVC
Report Post-Consumer Polyvinyl Chloride in Building Products
Report Phthalate-free Plasticizers in PVC
Report Optimizing Recycling: Criteria for Comparing and Improving Recycled Feedstocks in Building Products
Report To Increase The Use Of Recycled Content In Building Products: Reduce Health Hazards & Improve Feedstock Quality
Tool Flooring Products Hazard Spectrum
Tool Flooring Installation Hazard Spectrum
Sources
Sources for Common Product Data
Source Uploaded Document Linked Document
Advanced Concrete Technologies 2015
Armstrong VCT EPD
ATSDR TP202-c4
AVANSE MV-100 MSDS
Azrock Installation
BEES Generic VCT
Congoleum Nylon & Aluminum Oxide
Congoleum ortho-phthalate statement
Congoleum Silver
Dow Corning Z-6020 MSDS
EPA 2008
EPA WARM
Essentials Specification
Fickes 2007
Georgia Gulf 1050 PVC MSDS
Helm 2014
Johnsonite Maintenance
Lithium Polysilicate MSDS
Lott 2014
Ludox Lithium Polysilicate
Mannington 2009
Ortho-phthalate statements
Oxy 185 PVC MSDS
Petco CR-80A copolymer MSDS
PLIOTEC PA90 TDS
Podium Naturale biobased plasticizer
Progressions Spec
PVC Task Group Stabilizers
RFCI VCT EPD
Stabilizer Fact Tables
Standard Excelon PDS
Tarkett 2015
Tarkett VCT Specs
Upofloor Quartz Brochure 2014
Upofloor Quartz MSDS
Vallette 2015
VCT Maintenance
VCT Sustainable Design Sheet
Xiameter Guide
Xiameter OFS-0777 MSDS