Linoleum Flooring
Common Product
MasterFormat 09 65 00 Resilient Flooring; 09 65 16 Resilient Sheet Flooring; 09 65 43 Linoleum Flooring

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2019.

Linoleum flooring is a type of resilient flooring that can be applied with adhesive over a number of different substrates (concrete, seamless floors, tile, marble, approved wood, old resilient flooring, metal). It is primarily composed of natural...

More about Linoleum Flooring

Linoleum flooring is a type of resilient flooring that can be applied with adhesive over a number of different substrates (concrete, seamless floors, tile, marble, approved wood, old resilient flooring, metal). It is primarily composed of natural and renewable oils, tree resins, and fillers. The products surveyed for this common product update contained up to 30% pre-consumer recycled content in the form of linoleum production scraps and recycled wood/cork powder. Pre-consumer recycled linoleum used as filler was considered to have the same composition as the remainder of the flooring, and the percent weight attributable to it was distributed among the individual chemicals accordingly. Linoleum typically comes in 2.0 or 2.5 mm thick rolls or in tiles, although at least one product that was not considered in this review is available that can be poured and cured on site. The 2.5 mm thickness is most common in commercial products. The linoleum sheet or tile is typically comprised of linoleum sandwiched between a woven jute backing and a factory-applied UV-cured lacquer. Some products substitute a polyester fabric in place of the jute backing, or add an additional cork or polyurethane foam layer to the backing to provide acoustic insulation, or come as click tiles that include a high-density fiberboard (HDF) layer on top of a cork layer. Such products were out of the scope of this review. Linoleum comes in a variety of colors and the color runs through the entire thickness of the tile. This survey focused on white or neutral-colored linoleum sheet products; other colors will require the addition of pigments with different CAS numbers and potential health hazards. While not found to be common, some linoleum may additionally use tall oil in the binder. After linoleum has been installed most products require daily maintenance in the form of mopping, with periodic machine scrubbing and/or buffing. Some linoleum products also need to have polish applied a few times per year. Restorative maintenance may include application of a stripping solution prior to applying the polish. If properly maintained, linoleum flooring will last 35-40 years.

A historical version of this CP is available here: https://www.pharosproject.net/material/show/2180592

Name % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Linseed oil
8001-26-1
29.81% Binder Subscribe to view
Wood dust - unspecified
17.57% Filler Subscribe to view
Quercus suber bark – CORK
61789-98-8
15.69% Filler Subscribe to view
Limestone
1317-65-3
11.58% Filler Subscribe to view
Aluminum hydroxide, dried
21645-51-2
7.45% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
5.13% Pigment Subscribe to view
Rosin
8050-09-7
4.18% Binder Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.12% Impurity of limestone Subscribe to view
JUTE FIBER
7.92% Backing Subscribe to view
Urethane Acrylic Polymer
0.51% Polymer Subscribe to view  
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
0.04% Abrasion Resistance Subscribe to view
SILICA GEL
112926-00-8
0.01% Flattening Agent/ Matting Agent Subscribe to view
acrylated polydimethylsiloxane
125455-52-9
<0.01% Surfactant Subscribe to view
DECAMETHYLCYCLOPENTASILOXANE (D5)
541-02-6
<0.01% Residual Subscribe to view
Name % Wt Part % Wt Whole Function GS Score Sources
Linoleum Flooring Base
91.52% 91.52% Linoleum Base Layer Subscribe to view  
Linseed oil
8001-26-1
32.57% 29.81% Binder Subscribe to view
Wood dust - unspecified
19.20% 17.57% Filler Subscribe to view
Quercus suber bark – CORK
61789-98-8
17.14% 15.69% Filler Subscribe to view
Limestone
1317-65-3
12.65% 11.58% Filler Subscribe to view
Aluminum hydroxide, dried
21645-51-2
8.14% 7.45% Flame Retardant Subscribe to view
Titanium dioxide
13463-67-7
5.60% 5.13% Pigment Subscribe to view
Rosin
8050-09-7
4.57% 4.18% Binder Subscribe to view
Quartz
14808-60-7
0.13% 0.12% Impurity of limestone Subscribe to view
Jute Backing
7.92% 7.92% Backing Subscribe to view  
JUTE FIBER
100.00% 7.92% Backing Subscribe to view
UV Cured Finish
0.56% 0.56% Finish Subscribe to view  
Urethane Acrylic Polymer
90.95% 0.51% Polymer Subscribe to view
Aluminum oxide
1344-28-1
7.65% 0.04% Abrasion Resistance Subscribe to view
SILICA GEL
112926-00-8
1.05% 0.01% Flattening Agent/ Matting Agent Subscribe to view
acrylated polydimethylsiloxane
125455-52-9
0.35% <0.01% Surfactant Subscribe to view
DECAMETHYLCYCLOPENTASILOXANE (D5)
541-02-6
<0.01% <0.01% Residual Subscribe to view

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Known or Potential Residuals
Known or Potential Residuals for Chemical
CASRN NAME GS SCORE TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCE
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Other Process Chemicals
CASRN NAME GS Score TYPE FREQUENCY % WT CHEM % WT PRODUCT SOURCES
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HBN Resources (7)
HBN Resources for Product
TYPE TITLE
Report Full Disclosure Required: A Strategy to Prevent Asthma Through Building Product Selection
Report Asthmagens in Building Materials: The Problem & Solutions
Report Resilient Flooring & Chemical Hazards: A Comparative Analysis of Vinyl and Other Alternatives for Health Care
Report Healthy Environments: What's New (and What's Not) With PVC
Report Phthalate-free Plasticizers in PVC
Tool Flooring Products Hazard Spectrum
Tool Flooring Installation Hazard Spectrum
Sources
Sources for Common Product Data
Source Uploaded Document Linked Document
AceFloor LVT HPD
AFI US20180327606A1
Allnex DPGDA TDS
Allplace TPGDA
Alura Flex HPD
Arkema GPS SDS
Armstrong 2010
Armstrong 2014
Armstrong EPD
Armstrong Patent 1
Armstrong Patent 2
Armstrong Patent 3
Armstrong Patent 3
Armstrong Patent 4
Armstrong Patent 5
Armstrong Prefinished
Asambly Chemicals
Bayhydrol UV 2689 MSDS
Bayhydrol UV 2689 TDS
Bellawood Catalog
Boa-Franc Toronto HPD
BYK 348 MSDS
BYK-UV 3510 MSDS
CN970A60 MSDS
Congoleum Cleo HPD
CYTEC UCECOAT Waterborne UV Resins
Desmolux U680H MSDS
Desmolux XP2491 MSDS
Ebecryl 264 MSDS
Ebecryl 284 MSDS
Ebecryl 700 TDS
ESACURE KTO46 MSDS
EU EPD 2019
Galleher Corona HPD
Gerflor DLW Declare
Gerflor DLW TDS
Handsome PP Flooring HPD
Harbinger LVT HPD
Harmonium Xf2 EPD
Hazmap 42978-66-5
HSDB 13048-33-4
HSDB 150-76-5
HSDB 15625-89-5
HSDB 25584-83-2
HSDB 88-12-0
IGM Resins Product Guide
Irgacure 184
Irgacure 4265 MSDS
Irgacure TPO
Irgacure TPO MSDS
Isocyanate Wood Binders
JBO
Laurie Morris
LUX 220 VP MSDS
LUX 250 MSDS
LUX 286 TDS
LUX 484 MSDS
Mannington ScratchResist
Marmoleum EPD
Marmoleum HPD
MBF TDS
Mercier Solid Wood HPD
Metroflor American Plus HPD
Model Brochure
MSHA
Nadurra Red Oak Naturals
NeoRad 3709 MSDS
Novalis HPC HPD
NOX LVT HPD
OEHHA 119-61-9
Omnistab LS 292
Parterre Loose Lay HPD
Patcraft LVT HPD
PEGDA 200
Photokinetic US8808863B2
Polymer Database UV Curable Resins
Polysciences Monomers
Provident Urban HPD
Radtech Report
Reactive Polymers Fundamentals Excerpt
Sartomer
Schierlmann 2009
ScufResist Platinum
Sigma-Aldrich 7473-98-5
Silmer OH ACR Di-400 SDS
Silwet L-7200 MSDS
Sokol 1995
Specialty
SpectrAl 100 MSDS
SR256 MSDS
SR351 MSDS
SR506A MSDS
Srivastava 2008
Tarkett Declare
Tarkett MHS
TEGO Rad 2500 SDS
TEGO Rad 2500 TDS
Teknoflor HPD
Ten Oaks Patent
UCECOAT 7655 MSDS
UCECOAT 7891 MSDS
USEPA Isocyanate Profile
UV Specialties 2001
WPC Click HPD
Wu 2019
Zero Sheet HPD